Functionalist View of the Family

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  • Created by: Toni Lowe
  • Created on: 08-05-13 18:30
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  • Functionalist View of the Family
    • Agree with nuclear family
      • Best type of family
    • Evaluation
      • Disadvantages
        • Focuses on the positives of the family rather than the negatives
        • Children seen as passive recipients of socialisation, but they can teach parents as well
      • Advantages
        • Supported by the New Right - support the Nuclear Family
    • The family performs vital roles
      • PARSONS
        • Primary socialisation
          • Structuring of personalities
          • Internalisation of society's culture
        • Stabilisation of adult personalities
        • Pre industrial
          • Benefits the extended family
        • Industrial
          • Benefits the nuclear family
            • Children can move away and have a higher status than parents with conflict
      • MURDOCK
        • Reproductive
        • Economic
        • Socialisation
        • Sexual
    • Leach
      • Sees nuclear family as a unit of discontent
      • Family often isolated from extended family and so lacks the practical and psychological support that they would otherwise receive
      • Results in conflict. (E.g. children rebel, parents argue etc)
      • Effects society - families huddle together and create barriers, becoming suspicious of the outside world
    • Laing
      • Individuals form alliances and "play one off "against each other
      • NEXUS - concerned about what others think, feel, do - mutual concern and attention
      • Reciprocal internalisation - become part of one another and family as a whole
      • Problems in the family cause problems in society
        • See society as threatening
  • The family performs vital roles
    • PARSONS
      • Primary socialisation
        • Structuring of personalities
        • Internalisation of society's culture
      • Stabilisation of adult personalities
      • Pre industrial
        • Benefits the extended family
      • Industrial
        • Benefits the nuclear family
          • Children can move away and have a higher status than parents with conflict
    • MURDOCK
      • Reproductive
      • Economic
      • Socialisation
      • Sexual

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