Free movement of persons and services


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  • Created by: azdw
  • Created on: 03-01-16 13:05
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  • Free movement of persons and services
    • 1. Advise if someone is EU citizen or TCN
      • The free movement principle is there should be no barriers - single market
        • ARTICLE 20 TFEU - EU citizenship
          • ARTICLE 3.1 Citizens Directive
    • 2. Shenghen is part of body of EU law that gives more rights to TCNs
      • Doesn't apply in UK
    • 3. Residency basis: must fit a recognised category or as a recognised family member
      • Who can stay past 3 months?
        • Workers -Article 7 CD, Article 45 TFEU
        • self sufficient - Article 7.1(b) CD
        • retired - article 17 CD
        • setting up business - Article 49 TFEU,     Article 7 CD
          • Free movement of business
            • free movement of establishment - Article 49 TFEU
              • free movement to provide/ receive services - Article 56 + 57 TFEU
                • temporary and must be remunerated
        • Job seekers - Article 14.4 CD, Antonissen 292/89
        • Students - Article 7.1(c) CD
        • giving/ receiving services- Article 56-7 TFEU
    • 4. TCNs rights of residency before 5 years are dependant upon establishing relationship with citizen -
      • Article 2(2) CD
        • Article 3(2) (e.g brothers)
          • Dependancy
      • Once lawfully living in host MS, all EU citizens and TCN family members are entitled to equal treatment
        • Residency: Citizens Directive
          • Article 6 - up to 3 months
            • Article 14 - must not be burden on MS social welfare
              • Article 7 - beyond 3 months
                • Article 16 - beyond 6 years
                  • Article 7 - worker
      • Article 2.2                                1. spouses                            2. civil partners if partnership recognised by host MS                                  3. children up to 21 or over if dependant                              4. parents or grandparents if dependant
        • Article 3.2                                i) other family members - must be need or dependancy                            ii) partners cohabiting
          • Case law on dependancy -    Rahman - right to be considered but no rights, and must be given reasons for refusal
      • Rights of TCNs                                       < Entry - article 5 CD                            < Residency - article 6 -3 months, article 7.2 - beyond 3 months                                     < children right to education - article 10, regulation 492/2011                                  < right to work - article 23                                               < right to equal treatment - article 24
        • Principle of equal treatment - applies to EU citizens in host MSs - applies to TCNs lawfully resident in host MS
          • Indirect discrimination - language requirements - Groener - can justify if necessary to do the job
    • 5. Before establishing family for TCN, address the associated issues relating to things such as restrictions or unequal treatment
    • 6. Derogation: any possible lawful derogation or restriction issues?
      • CD article 28 + 29
    • 7. Is application of derogation genuine, proportionate and compatible with HR?
      • Baumbast and Trojani are directly effective - says must be proportionate
        • Trojani- French national workng in Belgium. applied for Belgian minimum wage, CJ granted - said he had been discriminated on based on nationality
    • MUST BE CROSS BOARDER SITUATION - NEED TO ACTIVATE RIGHTD. CANOT USE EU LAW IF HAVEN'T LEFT YOUR COUNTRY - Morson and Jhanjan

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