Relationship Formatiomn

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  • Formation of Romantic Relationships
    • RNST
      • Operant Conditioning
        • We are motivated to seek rewarding stimuli & avoiding punishing ones
          • Financial Security
          • Company
          • Attractive Partner
      • Classical Conditioning
        • We learn to associate people with pleasant stimuli & t/f are more drawn to them
          • Griffit et al
            • Evaluations of strangers were positive when in comfortable surroundings
          • May & Hamilton
            • Females asked to rate photos of males
              • Pleasant / Unpleasant music was played.
                • Those who listened to pleasant music rated people higher
          • Cunningham
            • Male participants asked to watch happy / sad film then interact w/female
              • Positive interactions came from those who watched a happy film.
      • we will be attracted to someone if they meet our needs
        • Therefore, we will find spending time with that person rewarding
          • OC - more motivated to spend more time with the person bc you find it rewarding
          • Physical Attractiveness - Dion et al: physically attractive = attractive personalities
      • Strengths
        • Biological Support
          • Aron et al
            • People who reported they were "in love" showed strong activity in the reward centers of the brain
              • Subcortical reward regions - rich in dopamine.
              • Physiological Support for RNST
        • Shackleton et al
          • People who used facebook more were people who needed to socialise and meet others
        • Cunningham
          • Male participants asked to watch happy / sad film then interact w/female
            • Positive interactions came from those who watched a happy film.
      • Weaknesses
        • Cultural Bias
          • RNST is good at explaining individualistic companies b/c they are orientated around meeting the needs of an individual.
          • Lott - In many cultures, F = more focused on family needs as opposed to individual needs
    • Matching Hypothesis
      • In order for our relationship to be long and successful, both partners must be equally matched in attractiveness
        • Complex matching: people are able to get people who are more physically attractive to them via compensatory assets
      • Strengths
        • Murstein
          • People were asked to rate both halves of a LT engaged couple
            • Couples were rated more similarly than in a control group of random people
        • Silverman
          • Observers rated real couples on a 5 point scale
            • High similarity in rating/attractiveness

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