Factors affecting growth/ development

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  • Factors affecting growth/  development
    • Diet
      • Need in diet:
        • Energy(carbohydrates and fats)
          • Amount will depend on level of activity, age, size, gender, pregnancy or breast feeding
        • Protein
          • For growth, repair and a healthy immune system
        • Vitamins and minerals
          • For healthy growth and development
        • Fibre
          • Keeps food moving through the gut
        • Water
          • Prevents dehydration
      • Avoid:
        • Too much energy
          • Causes obesity
        • Too much saturated fat
          • Causes heart disease
        • Too much salt
          • Causes high blood pressure
        • Some food additives
          • Causes hyperactivity and impairs learning
    • Physical activity
      • Strengthens muscles, bones and joints
      • Improves balance, co-ordination, flexibility and posture
      • prevents obesity
      • Reduces the chance of hart disease in later life
      • Develops self-esteem  by creating a strong sense of purpose and self-fulfillment
      • Team sports teach how to interact and cooperate with others
    • Sexual health
      • good sexual health in a society includes:
        • Low rates of teen pregnancy
        • High levels of female education attainment
        • Good awareness of and access to contraception and sterilisation
        • Low rates of unintended pregnancies and abortions, with a high percentage of these taking place at nine weeks gestation or less
        • Low levels of STDs and HIV
        • Low levels of undiagnosed STDs and HIV
    • Experience of illness/ disease
      • If the immune system is working to overcome an infectious disease, it uses protein  from the diet to make white blood cells and anti bodies. this means less protein can be used for growth,
        • Growth rate slows
      • Poor health can limit a young person's education, or an older person's employment prospects
      • Studies have shown children with chronic illnesses  are likely to be less socially outgoing than healthy children and have problems relating to their peers
      • Untitled
    • Ethnicity  + religion
      • Diet
        • different cultural differences about:
          • Birth and death customs
          • Washing and personal hygiene routines
          • Religious practices
          • Preferences for types of medical treatment
          • Sexual attitudes and roles
      • Religious practices
      • Preferences for types of medical treatment
      • Birth and death customs
      • Sexual attitudes and roles
      • Washing and personal hygiene routines
      • 15% of Bangladeshi men report their health to be 'bad or very bad' compared with 6% of men in the general population
      • Coronary heart disease  is particularly prevalent among South Asians
      • Diabetes is fives times more common more common among South Asians and  3 times more common among people from African and Caribbean backgrounds than the general population
      • There are big differences within minority groups, researchers think variations  are not because of genetic or cultural reawons
      • Men from Black African and Chinese groups report better health than average
      • Many people from ethnic minorities experience high levels of poverty, which is linked to poorer health


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