F321

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  • Created by: hollie
  • Created on: 15-05-15 14:53
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  • F321
    • Definitions
      • Relative Formula Mass
      • Ionising Energy
      • Isotopes
      • Relative Isotopic Mass
      • Metallic Bonding
      • Ionic Bonding
      • Covalent Bonding
      • Thermal Decomposition
      • Orbital
      • Disproportional Reaction
      • Displacement Reaction
    • Structure
      • Proton
        • +1 charge and mass
      • Electron
        • -1 charge and 1/2000 mass
      • Neutron
        • 0 charge and +1 mass
      • Isotopes
        • Same protons and electrons but different electron
    • Salts
      • What are they made from?
        • Postitive cation (from the the metal ion)
          • salt is produced when the H+ ion of an acid is replaced by a metal iony
        • Negative Anion which comes from the acid
      • Produced by Neutralising
        • Carbonates
          • Acid + Carbonate = SALT + CO2 + H20
        • Bases
          • Acid + Base = SALT + H20
        • Alkalis
          • Acid + Alkali = SALT + H20
        • Metals
          • Acid + Metal = SALT + H2O
    • Acids
      • Proton Donor - releases H+ ions
      • H2SO4
      • HNO3
      • HCl
    • Bases
      • Proton Acceptor - takes in H+ ions
      • Metal Oxides
      • Metal Hydroxides
    • Alkalis
      • Dissolve in water forming OH- ions
      • NaOH
      • KOH
      • NH3
      • Corrosive
    • Ionisation
      • Na(g) -->Na+(g) + e
        • Na+(g) -> Na2+(g) + e
          • Na2+(g) --> Na3+ + e
      • Affecting I.E
        • Radius
          • Increase the radius  the smaller the attraction
            • SMALLER THE IE NEEDED
        • Shielding
          • Increase the shielding the attraction decrease
            • SMALLER THE I.E NEEDED
        • Nuclear Charge
          • Increase the change increases the attraction to the nucleus
            • BIGGER THE I.E NEEDED

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