Extremophiles

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  • Extremophiles
    • Thermophile
      • Hot environments
      • Has proteins that are thermal stable
    • Cryophile
      • Extremely  Cold Environments
      • Has a cell membrane rich in lipids that stops them stiffening in the cold
    • Halophile
      • Salty Environments
      • Has a special cell wall and can control the movements of salt into it
    • Acidophile
      • Acidic Envronments
      • Can pump out H+ ions back into the environment
    • Metallotolerant
      • Environments rich in heavy metals
      • Bacteria pump out heavy metals to turn them into less dangerous forms
    • Radioresistant
      • Radioactive Environments
      • Has several copies of DNA and has lots of DNA-repairing enzymes
  • Has a cell membrane rich in lipids that stops them stiffening in the cold

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