• Created by: Safi:)
  • Created on: 07-11-19 18:54
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  • Exposure
    • Wilfred Owen
      • 1893-1918
    • beginning
      • "in the merciless iced east winds that knive us."
        • PERSONIFICATION- of nature to describe it as menacing and deadly. The real enemy is nature
        • SIBILANCE emphasises the harshness and brutality. of the weather.
      • "Like twitching agonies of men among its brambles".
        • SIMILE- suggests the agony of the men reflected in the wind. The imagery of men struggling with ‘brambles’  gives the reader an idea of how appalling war is.
        • They cannot escape the war, and in attempting to do so they become more enmeshed
      • "Dawn massing in the east her melancholy army"
        • ‘shivering’ is ONOMATOPOEIC, conveying the idea of chattering teeth and trembling bodies.
        • could be referring to sunrise, which is IRONIC as dawn usually associated with new life and hope, brings fear/hopelessness.
    • structure and form
      • first person
        • collective suffering of soldiers - encourages soldiers to share their pain
      • repetition of "But nothing happens" and capitalisation of 'but'
        • emphasises futility of war - constantly waiting in fear
      • rhythm (5 line stanzas)
        • reflects boredom of soldiers, everlastinf nature of war
      • anaphoric reference (line 28, links to line 11)
        • snaps the reader out of the daydream about spring to the harsh reality of their condition.
    • middle
      • "Attacks once more in ranks on shivering ranks of grey"
        • METAPHOR - dehumanising soldiers; reducing them to boring colour. War taking away identity.
      • "we cringe in holes"
        • ANIMAL IMAGERY - they have no privacy are treated like animals. are they starting to lose hope in patriotism
      • "Less deathly than the air that shudders black with snow"
        • nature is more damaging and deadly than bullets.
        • OXYMORON- between 'black' and snow' are unsettling. Highlight the horror of being exposed to those elements
    • end
      • "slowly, our ghosts drag home"
        • METAPHOR - war sucked all the life out of soldiers and reminds reader that they are on the brink of death
      • "all their eyes are ice"
        • METAPHOR - describes extreme effects of weather. Implies soldiers have lost humanity and are very close to their breaking point.
    • context
      • he was diagnosed with shellshock
      • died right before the war ended.
        • was killed attempting to lead his men across the Sambre Canal at Ors
      • Owen once declared "my theme is war and the pity of war"


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