Explanations of dysfunctional behaviour

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  • Created by: Flo
  • Created on: 06-06-13 11:43
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  • Explanations of dysfunctional behaviour
    • BIOLOGICAL
  • COGNITIVE
    • Explanations of dysfunctional behaviour
      • BIOLOGICAL
  • Conclusion- genetics are important and therefore support nature side of nature-nurture debate.
    • Gottesman and Shields (Twin and adoption studies of schizophrenia)
    • REDUCTIONIST- considers schizophrenia as largely caused by genetics and doesnt take into account social or cognitive aspects
      • EVALUATION
        • Findings- Increased incidence of schizophrenia in adopted children with schiz biological parent.
          • Gottesman and Shields (Twin and adoption studies of schizophrenia)
      • Inivestigated possiblilty of creating fear through classical conditioning.
        • Watson and Rayner- Little Albert
          • BEHAVIOURAL
            • Participant- Little Albert aged 11 months- unemotional character.
              • Baseline tests showed he had no fearful reactions to a rat, rabbit. dog, monkey, mask with hair or cotton wool. But did have fear to noise of hammer on metal bar.
                • EVALUATION
                  • Unethical- caused psychological damage for at least a month.
            • CONCLUSION it is possible to condition a fear response which could be generalised to other objects and last over time.
        • Case study in a lab.
          • Watson and Rayner- Little Albert
            • BEHAVIOURAL
              • Participant- Little Albert aged 11 months- unemotional character.
                • Baseline tests showed he had no fearful reactions to a rat, rabbit. dog, monkey, mask with hair or cotton wool. But did have fear to noise of hammer on metal bar.
                  • EVALUATION
                    • Unethical- caused psychological damage for at least a month.
              • CONCLUSION it is possible to condition a fear response which could be generalised to other objects and last over time.

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