Edward the Confessor

  • Created by: JKing13
  • Created on: 08-12-17 12:17
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  • Edward the Confessor
    • Disputed succession
      • Harold Godwinson was the most legitimate heir to the throne
        • Had the support of the WITAN
        • Edward's nephew (rightful heir) was only a teenager, so was too young
        • He had been promised it
        • He was the successor to the most powerful earl in the country - Godwin.
      • William of Normandy had been 'promised' it
        • Possibly by Harold Godwinson while he was on an embassy to Normandy on behalf of the King
        • Edward's mother was Norman so there was Norman links
        • Edward lived in Normandy while in exile for 25 years so there is a strong relationship between the two nations
      • Other leaders and claims to the throne, eg. Harald Hadrada
    • The last years of Edward the Confessor
      • Earl Tostig - brother of Harold Godwinson, was victim of a rising in his earldom
        • Edward reacted by creating an army to put down the rising - but he still appreciated that Tostig's leadership was largely responsible for the rising.
        • Harold and the King's other advisors agreed that the people of Northumbria had been pushed too far by Tostig
        • Edward replaced Tostig with Morcar who was more diplomatic and a Northerner - Northumbrian's were no longer keen on southern leaders
        • Harold weakened his own house in order to get to the throne when Edward died.
          • He knew Edward was ill (So you could argue that he was being deliberately deceitful)
          • Harold needed a United Kingdom more than a united house in order to hold off the Normans when he came to power
          • Tostig was a rival claimant to the throne, so he needed all the help he could get within the close political circle
      • People became disrespectful to his authority (Eg. Harold Godwinson after the rising against Earl Tostig)
      • He died without any children, so when his death occurred, there was a succession crisis
    • Not a warrior King
      • Relied heavily on his Earls in order to protect England against attack
        • Especially Earl Godwin who was the strongest Earl
      • Very religious
        • Made him popular amounst the religious population
        • People believed God was guiding his decisions
      • Respected law maker
        • 'God helped him make his laws'
        • He was mostly a peaceful person


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