Dysfunctional behaviour

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  • Dysfunctional behaviour
    • diagnosis
      • DSM
        • Axis 1-  mental disorder? Axis 2- personality disorder? Axis 3- medical history     Axis 4- social and environmental aspects Axis 5- global assessment of functioning
        • more wholistic
        • doesn't look at causal factors
        • 16 categories including sexual and gender identity disorders
      • ICD
        • looks at causal factors
        • 11 categories
        • doesn't categorize schizophrenia
      • Biases
        • subjective process
        • cultural relativism
        • cooper (1972) - usa more 2x mor likely to diagnose schizophrenia
          • uk more likely to diagnose depression or mania
        • Ford and Widger (1989) - women more like to be diagnosed with histrionic personality disorder
    • explanations
      • biological
        • rooted in the medical model
        • physical cause i.e. genetics
        • Gottesman adoption study- children have a high chance of developing schizophrenia even if they are taken out of a schizophrenic  environment.
          • twins have a higher concordance rate for example if one identical twin is schizophrenic there is a 58% chance the other will be.
      • behaviourist
        • main assumption- everything can be learnt/ unlearnt
        • classical conditioning e.g. Little Albert study by Watson.
        • operant conditioning
        • social learning theory
        • + simple and testable explanations +hopeful
        • -reductionist, dehumanizing and mechanistic  -conditioning can not cure all disoder
      • cognitive
        • faulty heuristics
        • faulty thinking patterns
        • beck (1967) kept a dairy and results showed they placed more blame  and responsibility on themselves. had lower self esteem.
          • all of these are faulty heuristics (cognitive distortions)
    • treatments
      • behavioural - little lucy study by Mcgrath.  scared of unexpected noises.fear thermometer went down to 3.
        • - unethical -not a representative sample -social desirability children have a tendency to want to please adults.
        • + cured her of a phobia +parents gave consent
      • cognitive- rational emotive therapy
        • A- activating events
        • B- beliefs
        • C- consequence
      • biological - Karp (1995) compared drug treatment with therapy, both and placebo.
        • attrition rate is high for drug treatment
        • "two treatments isn't often better then one"


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