Demography 

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  • Demography
    • death rate
      • Reasons for the death rate falling.
        • Other social changes
          • good sanitation
          • more qualified people
          • care homes
          • Better transport
          • support
        • Medical improvements
          • better medicines
          • Qualified doctors
          • improved healthcare
        • Public healt and enviromental improvments
          • Sanitation policices
          • Policies
          • Food sanitation policies
          • Health and safety
        • Improved nutrition
          • Clear risks on smoking / drinking
          • clean water / food
          • better fruit/ vegetables
          • Better diets
      • The effect of the increase
        • 4) Poverty
        • 3) decline in medical proffessions
        • 5) Large families
        • 2) not the best equiptment
        • 6) crowded areas more disease and pollution.
        • 1) Higher population meaning more people to give medical attention to
      • The number of deaths per year.
    • Life expectancy
      • Class, gender and regional differences.
      • Consequences of an aging population.
        • One person pension household
          • Decreasing due to male and female life expectancy gap getting closer together
        • The dependancy ratio
          • Need more of their pensions, more money from government
          • Fuel allowance in place for longer
          • Need help & support from carers, friends and family.
        • Policy changes
          • Bus fairs may have to come back
          • Fuel allowance will have to be cut
          • More healthcare will be given to the elderly
          • Work longer, retirement age will have to change.
        • Public services
          • Hospital admissions and public transport being free will rise
      • The average age each gender, per country will live for.
    • Birth rate
      • The birth rate is the amount of people born per year. There is now more births than deaths leading to the grow in the population.
    • Fertility rate
      • The total fertility rate
        • Factors determining the birth rate
          • 1) The number of women child bearing between the ages of 15-44
          • 2)How many children they have.
        • Women are now having fewer children due to changes in morals, more rights and divorce and marriage hs changed.
          • Cant afford to have multiple children due to the infant mortaility rate decresing: parents now invest more emotionally and financially in children compared with the 1900's
      • Effects of charges in fertillity
        • The family
          • 2) Marriage will deteriorate when less children are born.
          • 1) more babies are born which increases the size of the family. This is socially good for the economy but bad for the individual
        • The dependancy ratio
          • 2) Family will deteriorate as well people are born meaning less people to be dependant upon.
          • 1) If less babies are born then the family wont have to rely on the state as much which creates more money for the family.
        • Public services and policies
          • 2) more social services
          • 1) The more children born, the higher the use of hospitals meaning less money and less attention to other patients.
          • 3) more  government policies will be made
      • The fertility rate is the number of women of child bearing age and how many children they have.
  • Factors determining the birth rate
    • 1) The number of women child bearing between the ages of 15-44
    • 2)How many children they have.

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