Crime and Punishment

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  • Created by: ahw799
  • Created on: 14-04-15 16:59
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  • Crime and Punishment
    • Crime and making moral decisions
      • A crime is where the law is broken.
      • A law is a rule established by Parliament and enforced by the police and courts.
      • As British citizens we have a duty to be law abiding citizens.
      • Christians accept this, as the bible says "Obey the authorities"
      • People may used their conscience to decide right from wrong.
      • A conscience is a moral guide that everyone has, some stronger than others.
      • Most religious people say that conscience is God telling us what the right thing to do is.
      • Our conscience may conflict with the Bible or Law.
      • This is where the idea that Christians should do the most loving thing comes from.
      • If a family were starving, then it would be acceptable to steal food for them: even though stealing is a sin and a crime.
    • Justice
      • We must have Justice for the law to work.
      • Justice means we should all be treated fairly.
      • Justice: The due allocation of punishment and reward.
      • It also includes social and economical issues, like poverty, racism and inequality.
      • MUSLIM:
        • It is taught in the Qur'an that Allah is just, and will treat everyone with justice and fairness.
        • Allah will judge us on the day of judgement. Those that are good will go to paradise and those that are unjust will go to hell.
        • Muslims teach that all Muslims are equal under the law, and are part of a community (Ummah)
        • Zakah: Muslims believe in giving to the poor. All Muslims give 2.5% of their income to the needy. This is the way they fight the injustice of poverty.
        • Muslims believe it is unjust to charge interest on loans, because you are making money out of the poor. Some banks offer Islamic bank accounts where interest is not paid.
      • CHRISTIAN:
        • The Bible teaches that God is just,and will judge your good and bad deeds on the day of judgement.
        • The Bible teaches that injustice is a sin.
        • The old testament says punishment should involve retribution - "eye for an eye"
        • Jesus' teaching were different to the old testament. He said that love should over come injustice, and that justice should be non violent.
        • Jesus said "turn the other cheek"
    • Aims of punishment
      • Protection: Where the punishment protects us from the criminal. Prison is an example of this.
      • Retribution: Where the punishment allows the victims to 'get their own back'. An example is the death penalty, which could be seen as "an eye for an eye."
      • Deterrence: Where the punishment puts others off committing the crime. In some Islamic countries, Shari'ah law is followed strictly. This means a thief may have their hand cut off publicly.
      • Reparation: Where the punishment gets the criminal to fix or pay back what they have done. Community service for vandalism is an example.
      • Reformation: Where the punishment reforms the criminal.  It should make them into a better person.
      • Vindication: Where the punishment fits the crime and people feel they have justice. For example, you would give a tough sentence to  a violent criminal,  but not for a speeding ticket. The law needs to be fair!
    • Capital Punishment
      • Capital punishment is where a criminal is killed by the authorities for their crime.
      • FOR:
        • NON-RELIGIOUS:   it protects us from the criminal as they are no longer alive and cannot hurt us.
        • NON-RELIGIOUS:   It is a deterrence and puts people off crime.
        • NON-RELIGIOUS:   It allows retribution - victims families can get their own back.
        • CHRISTIAN:    The Bible says "an eye for an eye"
        • CHRISTIAN:    The Bible also says "those who live by the sword die by the sword"
        • ISLAMIC:        Shari'ah law allows the death penalty for some crimes; murder, adultery and apostasy.
        • ISLAMIC:        The prohpet Mohammad also agreed with capital punishment, and even sentenced people to death when he was leader of Madinah.
      • AGAINST:
        • NON-RELIGIOUS:   The person may be found innocent later on.
        • NON-RELIGIOUS:   Two wrongs do not make a right.
        • NON-RELIGIOUS:   It is inhumane. No form of capital punishment can be 100% painless.
        • ISLAMIC:        Islam allows the murder victim's family to ask for blood money instead of killing the criminal.
        • ISLAMIC:        The Qur'an only suggest capital punishment, which means it is not compulsory.
        • CHRISTIAN:    In the Decalogue, it says "Thou shalt not kill"
        • CHRISTIAN:    Jesus said "if any of you are without sin, let him cast the first stone"
        • CHRISTIAN:    In the Bible is says you must "Love thy neighbor"
    • Religious Offence
      • Religious offence is where you break the rules of the religion.
      • An example in Christianity would be taking the lords name in vain, or even adultery. These things are not illegal, but are a seen as a sin.
      • An example in Islam would be adultery, homosexuality, and converting to another religion. These are all against Shari'ah law.
    • Drugs and Alcohol
      • A drug is a chemical that alters the body or has a reaction when taken. Some are taken for medical reasons, and could be prescribed antibiotics. Others are recreational drugs which are taken for a high.
      • ALCOHOL:      You must be 18+ to buy alcohol in the UK. Pubs and off-licences have licences to sell alcohol, and to have it taken off premises.
      • Different drugs have different effects on the body. Caffeine is in tea and coffee, and is a stimulant. Alcohol is a depressant.
      • Cocaine is a stimulant, and highly addictive and expensive. cannabis is a relaxent, which people take to relive pain or get high.. Heroine is an opiate, relaxing people and relieving pain.
      • DRUGS:          There are 3 classes of drugs, ABC - in which A is the worst.
        • Class A include heroine, cocaine and ecstasy.
        • Class B include cannabis and amphetamines (speed)
        • Class C include anabolic steroids and tranquilizers.
      • CHRISTIAN:
        • The Bible teaches "your body is a temple of the holy spirit", and you should treat is with respect.
        • The bible says "thou shalt not kill" Dug dealing can lead to death and violent crime.
        • The bible says that people should obey the governing authorities. This means they should follow the laws against drugs.
        • Jesus taught to "love thy neighbor" Selling illegal drugs is not a loving thing to do.
        • The 10 commandments states "Honour your mother and father" This suggests ruining a family through drug use is wrong.
        • However, Jesus healed the sick, and so he would not be against using drugs as a medicine to improve health.
      • MUSLIM:
        • Islam teaches that a person who is sick does not need medicine (drugs)
        • Taking drugs is forbidden under Shari'ah law
        • The Qur'an states "Do not make your own hands contribute to your own destruction" this suggests you shouldn't ruin your body with drugs.
        • Drugs and alcohol are HARAM; FORBIDDEN
        • Tobacco is MAKRUH; DISLIKED
  • Islam teaches that Allah gave you your body, and that it is his to take away, not the drug users.

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