Crime And Punishment.

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  • Crime And Punishment.
    • Types of crime.
      • Against the person: directed a person or group (Murder.)
        • Against property: directed a possessions ( Theft.)
          • Against state: directed at a country.
            • Religious offences: Against that religion.
    • What causes crime?
      • Social reasons because of the persons upbringing, lack of eduction or drug and alcohol abuse.
        • Environmental  reasons because the person might not have a job, money problems or gang welfare.
          • Pschological  reasons because mental illnesses or effects of tv advisement or violence of TV shows
    • Christian teachings.
      • Love your neighbor.
        • Jesus taught forgiveness ( parable of the unforgiving servant.), so punishment should give a chance to reform.
      • Christains say: only God has the right to take away like and judge when someone should live or die. Jesus criticised the Old Testament teaching of 'an eye for a eye'
    • The aims of punishment.
      • protection: keeping the public safe.
        • Retribution: getting your own back.
          • Deterrence: putting people off committing crime.
            • Reformation: changing the criminal's behaviour for the better.
              • Vindication: showing the law show be respected.
    • Key terms.
      • Conscience: the inner feeling/ voice that shows whether you are doing or wrong.
        • Duty: a moral or legal obligation.
          • Responsibility: a duty to care for or have control over something or someone.
    • Capital punishment: death penalty, not practised in the UK. There is a huge debate over whether this is an effective form of punishment- mistakes can be made.
    • types of punishment.
      • Prison: work as protection, retribution and deterrence. Some people say that they do not work as they lead to re-offending. Prison reform aims to make sure prisons are treated humanely.
        • Community service: unpaid work that benefits the local community.
          • Electric tagging: a devise that tracks movement.
            • Probation: meeting  with a probation officer to ensure they do not re-offend.
              • Fine: money paid for the committing the crime they did.

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