Religion and Prejudice

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  • Religion and Prejudice
    • What does prejudice mean?
      • To pre-judge someone unfairly, before getting to know them.
    • Give 5 impacts of discrimination
      • Loss of friends/isolation
      • Fear and stress
      • Depression
      • Feeling worthless
      • Lack of self esteem
    • Women in Judaism
      • Progressive (Reform) Judaism
        • Men and and women pray together and can both lead services
        • Women and men wear the tallit
        • In 1972 there was the first female Rabbi
      • Orthodox Judaism
        • Women arent allowed to read from the Torah
        • Only men can conduct services and Rabbis
    • Why are people prejudiced?
      • Ignorance - explorers coming across natives and killing them, lack of understanding
      • Upbringing - grown up in an area of lack of diversity.
      • Past Experiences - e.g. Something stolen by black person.
      • Religion - Teachings interpreted to encourage certain prejudices.
      • Fear - Fearful due to stereotype.
    • Women in Islam
      • Choose to wear hijabs
      • Genders separated in the Mosque
      • Men can marry a different religion, but women cannot as children are raised by their fathers religion.
      • A woman cannot be an imam (leader of prayer)
    • Who was Martin Luther King?
      • 1929 - 1968
      • Baptist Christian, campaigned for black/white equality.
      • Did the bus Boycotts, blacks walked and buses lost money.
      • Did sit ins, freedom rides and protest marches.
      • Won Nobel Piece Prize.
      • 1963 - I have a dream speech.
    • What does discrimination mean?
      • Acting on Prejudice. Can involve treating someone differently/unequally
    • Who was Malcolm X?
      • Father African American Baptist Preacher.
      • Mother evicted from home by Ku Klux Klan whilst pregnant with him.
      • Childhood home burnt down by anti black group
      • after his father died, he became a drug addict  and got 10 years for burglary,.
      • While in Prison he converted to black Muslim, after hearing teachings of Elijah Mohammed.
      • He met E M and changed his name to X
      • He became a figure of black power.
      • He became extremist and got suspended from the movement.
      • Changed to believe in world brotherhood, but got assassinated by black Muslims.
    • Prejudice teachings:
      • "and now we will make human beings in our image" - Christianity
      • So whatever you wish that men would do to you, do to them also" - Christianity
      • The Parable of the Good Samaritan - Christianity
      • "And he made from one every nation of men to live on all the face" - Christianity
      • "Of his signs is the creation of the heavens and the earth, and the variations in your languages and colours" - Islam
      • "We have created you from a single pair of a male and a female; and made you into nations and tribes, that you may know each other, not that you might despise each other" - Islam
    • Define Justice:
      • Bringing up about what is fair according to the law and making up for unfair laws in the past.
    • What is Tolerance?
      • Respecting the beliefs and practices of others
    • Women in Christianity:
      • Never been a female Pope
      • Catholocism doesn't allow female Priests
      • Jesus had only male deciples
    • What is Harmony?
      • Living at peace with others
    • Define Scapegoating:
      • Blaming certain groups for a problem in society.
    • Teachings on sexism
      • CHRISTIANITY - "There is neither male nor female, for you are all one in Jesus Christ"
      • ISLAM - "Women have certain rights over you, and you have certain rights over them, they are your partners and committed helpers"
    • Define 'Value of the individual':
      • Each person is unique and created by God.
    • What iss positive discrimination? give 3 examples:
      • Actively discriminating to favor groups that may have experienced negative discrimination in the past.
      • Gay bars/Clubs
      • Elderly buss passes
      • Plus sized clothing
      • Representation in the media for certain groups
    • Explain 2 laws passed on discrimination:
      • 1975 Sex Discrimination Law - Protects men and women from discrimination on grounds of sex or marital status.
      • 1976 Race Relations Act - Prevents discrimination on the grounds of race.
      • 1995 Disability Discrimination Act - Prevents discrimination in terms of disability.
      • 2006 Equality Act - Combines all discrimination acts, prevents all discrimination.
    • Give 3 examples of how religious believers have tackled discrimination:
      • Religious family send children to mixed comprehensive to allow them to learn about other faiths.
      • Open-door places of worship, faith visitor giving presentations in schools etc.
      • Take part in multi-faith celebrations.
      • Encourage the discriminated to pray and know they aren't alone.
    • Define Xenophobia:
      • Fear of foreigners
    • Define Stereotype:
      • Over simplified mental image and applying it to a group

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