Crime and Punishment

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  • Crime and Punishment
    • Why do we need laws?
      • 1) WE LIVE IN GROUPS. ANY GROUP NEEDS RULES SO PEOPLE  KNOW HOW TO BEHAVE
      • 2) TO PROTECT THE WEAK FROM THE STRON
      • 3) TO KEEP EVERY-THING ORGANISED
      • 4) SO HARD WORK IS REWARDED. (SOCIETY WOULD NOT FUNCTION WITHOUT LAWS)
    • Reasons for link between law and justice
      • 1. UNJUST LAW= PEOPLE BREAKING THE LAW= BREAK DOWN OF SOCIETY
      • 3. PEOPLE WILL NOT OBEY UNJUST LAWS & CAMPAIGN AGAINST IT e.g. racial inequality in USA
      • 2. UNJUST LAWS DO NOT FUFIL PURPOSE (REWARD FOR HARD WORK)
      • 4. IF LAWS DON'T CREATE JUST SOCIETY=  PEOPLE THINK LEGAL SYSTEM ISN'T WORKING= CIVIL WAR
    • Theories of Punishment
      • RETRIBUTION- criminals should pay for their crime
        • PUNISHMENT SHOULD REFLECT CRIME e.g. if murder they should be  killed & VICTIMS SUFFER SO SHOULD CRIMINAL
      • DETERRENCE- put people off committing the crime
        • SEVERE PUNISHMENT= THEY ARE LESS LIKELY TO OFFEND
      • REFORM- taught not to offend
        • MAKES THEM LAW-ABIDING CITIZEN. CRIMINALS ARE A RESULT OF THEIR UPBRINGING. STOPS THE NEED TO BE A CRIMINAL
      • PROTECTION- protect society from criminals & their actions
        • THEY CAN NO LONGER OFFEND. KEEPS THEM FROM THE STREETS. REMOVES FROM SOCIETY.
    • Why is justice important for..
      • CHRISTIANS
        • GOD IS JUST
        • BIBLE SAYS TO TREAT PEOPLE FAIRLY
        • JESUS- 'RICH SHARE W/ POOR'
        • CHURCHES HAVE MANY STATEMENTS ABT HOW THEY SHOULD WORK FOR JUSTICE IN THE WORLD
      • MUSLIMS
        • ALLAH IS JUST
        • BASIS OF 'THE LAST DAY' TEACHING= JUSTICE, GOOD= REWARDED
        • TAUGHT THAT THEY HAVE TO BEHAVE JUSTLY TOWARDS OTHERS
        • TEACHES THAT ALL SHOULD HAVE EQUAL RIGHTS BEFORE THE LAW
        • PILLAR ZAKAH= BASED ON JUSTICE
    • Attitudes to Capital Punishment
      • For
        • IT IS THE GREATEST DETERRENT
        • PROTECTS SOCIETY AS CRIMINAL CAN'T RE-OFFEND
        • SHOWS HOW SOCIETY VALUES HUMAN LIFE
        • =RETRIBUTION FOR MURDER
        • BIBLE USES IT
        • THE CHURCH HAS USED IT FOR HERESY
        • PUNISHMENT IS SET DOWN BY ALLAH IN QU'RAN
        • PROP. MUHAMMAD AGREED WITH THE USE
        • SHARI'AH USES IT AS PUNISHMETN FOR MURDER
        • PROP. MUHAMMAD USED IT
      • Against
        • RECOMMENDED BY QUR'AN BUT NOT A MUST
        • SHARI'AH ALLOWS BLOOD MONEY FROM MURDERER INSTEAD
        • JESUS CAME TO REFORM SINNERS. IMPOSSIBLE IF THEY ARE DEAD.
        • JESUS BANNED RETRIBUTION
        • CHRISTIANS- LIFE IS HOLY
        • WRONG CONVITIONS
        • DOESN'T DECREASE CRIME RATES
        • CAN MAKE MURDERS KILL MORE
        • TERRORIST CAN BE MADE MARTYRS

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