CLASS DIFFERENCES inernal

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  • Created by: sammie
  • Created on: 24-03-13 16:45
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  • Class Differences (Internal Factors)
    • LABELLING- attatching a meaning or definition to person
      • SECONDARY SCHOOL LABELING
        • HOWARD BECKER (1971) carried out an important interactionalist study on labeliing, based on interviews wotj 60 chicago highschool teachers, he found that they judged pupils depending on how closely they fitted their image of the ideal pupil.
          • Teachers saw pupils from middle classed backgrounds as closest to the ideal pupil.
      • LABELLING IN PRIMARY SCHOOLS
        • Stufy of American kindergarton shows that teachers used information about childrens background & apperanceto seperate them
          • Tigers, clowns, cardinals
      • GILLBORN & YOUDELL schools use teachers notions of ability todecide whichpupils have the potential to achieve 5 A*- C grade GCSE
        • Deny's lower sets of kowlege and oppourtunity to do well
    • SELF FULFILING PROPHECY s self fufilling prophecy is a prediction that becomes true simply by the virtue of it having been made
      • TEACHERS EXPECTATIONS
        • ROSENTHAL & JACOBSON- falsely told teachers that certain pupils would spurt. Although chosen at random almost half of the 'spurters had made a siginficant progress
          • teachers had conveyed these belief's by the way they interacted with pupils
        • Can also cause failure
      • STREAMING AND THE SELF FULFILLING PROPHECY
        • BECKER-Working class pupils more likely to end up in lower strams which is harder to move out of. Creating a self fulfilling prophecy
          • DOUGLAS- found that children placed in lower sets at 8 ad suffered a decline in their IQ score by 11
    • PUPIL STRUCTURES- group of pupils whoshare similar values and behaviour patterns
      • DIFFERENTIATION - process of teachers categorising pupils according to 'ability'
      • POLARISATION-pupils respond by moving towards one of the two extremes
      • THE PRO SCHOOL CULTURE
        • Pupils placed in high streams remain comiited to the values of school and achieve academic sucsess;
      • ANTI-SCHOOL CULTURE
        • Those placed in lower sets loose self esteem as placed them in a position of inferior status
        • Search for another alternative, go against schoolvalues, look for staues among peers
        • Leads to self fulfilling failure
        • LACEY
      • ABOLOSHING STREAMING
        • STEPHAN BALL
      • PUPIL RESPONSES-Peter Woods (1979)
        • INGRATIATION- being the teachers pet
        • RITUALISM- going though the motions and staying outta trouble
        • RETREATISM- day dreaming and mucking about
        • REBELLION- outright rejection of everything the school stands for
        • Fuller, Mac, Mirza, Sewell and the study on boys can be usedETHNIC DIFFERENCES

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