Book 1

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  • Book 1
    • Virgil's introduction
      • Starts with a succinct statement of the theme
        • 'I sing of arms and the man'
      • Aeneas is driven out of troy to the shores of Italy where he is to found a new race
        • 'He came to Italy by destiny'
      • asks the muse why Juno hates Aeneas
        • he's fated to destroy Carthage her favourite city
        • she dislikes the Trojans because Paris said Venus was more beautiful than her
        • she also dislikes the Trojans because they are the descendants of Dardanus who is Jupiter's love child
      • Begins 'in medias res'
        • allows events to be narrated by Aeneas
    • Juno's influence
      • thinks its unfair that other females can defy fate
        • Athenes influenced the drowning of the Argives due to the passion of Ajax
        • as queen and Jupiter's sister she should be more dominant
      • she goes to Aeolus the king of the winds
        • winds are hold back in bolted gates like angry prisoners
        • Aeolus is a demi-god and is king of Aeolia
        • Aeolus will do what Juno asks because hes grateful that she made him a demi- god
          • she also bribed him with an exquisite nymph for a wife
        • Aeolus lets out the winds
          • 'the winds blow a hurricane over the entire earth'
          • Aeneas doesn't react heroically and panics that he's going to die a death without glory
            • 'his limbs grew weak'
          • Neptune calms the sea because he's the dominant one
          • the ship that carried orontes is destroyed
    • Aeneas and his men arrive off the coast of Libya
      • Aeneas looks after his men
        • pus them in a cave to protect them
        • goes out hunting and brings back the carcases of seven stags.
          • restores his men with food, warmth, wine and shelter.
        • encourages his men
          • reminds them that they've suffered worse
            • eg having the Cyclopes throwing rocks at them
          • inspired them with the thought that one day they will be proud of these hardships
          • he's certain that they will reach Latium as its been decreed in the fates
      • Jupiter sends Mercury to ensure that dido is hospitable
        • puts the queen and the Carthaginians in a mood to receive the Trojans favourably
      • Aeneas and  Achates
        • meet venus who is disguised as a Spartan huntress
          • she appears as an attractive woman to get his attention
          • she tells them of dido history
            • she fled from her pheocian city in tyre
            • her husband revealed to her in a dream that it was her brother Pygmalion who had killed him over an alter
            • he told her where hidden treasure was and she ran away with friends to build a new city
              • Aeneas admires that dido has what he hopes to have
          • Venus speaks of her knowledge of augury
            • she saw 12 swans reach land which is assign that his 12 ships have made it safely to land
            • Venus overs Aeneas and Achates in a cloud of mist to protect them fro carthagians
            • as venus departs she reveals her identity
              • Aeneas is annoyed that he can never see her directly
    • role of the gods
      • Venus's fears
        • Aeneas has been afflicted with a large amount of pain
        • worried that Jupiter has gone back on his promise
          • hes promised that from the Trojan race the roman race will rise
          • venus worried that juno will incite the phoecians against her son so she intervenes first
            • ascaniss put into a deep sleep at sent to the idalian woods
            • Cupid takes on form of Iulus
            • Cupid breaths passion for Aeneas into dinos heart
              • she forgets her stoic values
        • Anteror has already founded a new city
          • she doesn't understand why Aeneas is being punished for his piety and obedience
      • Jupiter
        • foreshadows that aenaes will be taken up to the stars
          • treated like a god
        • talks about a great war in Italy
        • Ascanus will rule for 30 years and eventually move the kingdom to Alba longa
          • Trojans will rule for the next 300 years to the foundation of Rome
          • Romulus will kill Remus so that he can rule Rome alone
        • gives rome a kingdom that will have no end
        • 31BC Augustus will bring peace to Rome in the battle of Actium and close the gates
          • Augustus is mentioned by Jupiter showing his value to the history of rome
          • importance of Pax Augusta
    • building of carthage
      • bee simile
      • building a temple to juno
        • under the roof are carvings of warriors in battle
          • depictions of the Trojan war
          • Aeneas recognises himself
            • fame has gone beyond the sea
          • Abundant resources
      • Illioneus appears to dido
        • he asks her to take pity on them as they've been blown off their tracks try to escape from troy
          • Aeneas 'has no equal for  his piety,,,no equal on the battle field
        • dido compared to diana
        • Aeneas appears and him and Dido admire each other
      • ironically similar to rome
        • admire them for their values

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