Biological Molecules

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  • Biological Molecules
    • Water
      • Water Is Vital To Living Organisms
        • Water Is A Reactant in Loads Of Important Chemical Reactions
        • Water Is A Solvent
        • Water Transport Substances
        • Water Helps With Temperature Control
      • Water Molecules Have A Simple Structure
      • Water's Structure Is Related To Its Properties And Functions
        • Water's Polarity Makes It Very Cohesive
        • Water's Polarity Also Makes It A Good Solvent
    • Proteins
      • Proteins Are Made From Long Chains Of Amino Acids
        • Dipeptide
        • Polypeptide
          • Proteins Are Made Up Of One Or More Polypeptides
      • Different Amino Acids Have Different Variable Groups
        • Carboxyl Group
          • -COOH
        • Amino Group
          • -NH2
      • Amino Acids Are Joined Together By Peptide Bonds
      • Proteins Have Four Structural Levels
        • Secondary Structure
          • Hydrogen Bonds Form. Causes A Coiling Into Alpha Helix Or A Beta Pleated Sheet
        • Primary Structure
          • A Sequence Of Amino Acids In A Polypeptide Chain
        • Tertiary Structure
          • Coiled More. Final 3D Structure
        • Quaternary Structure
          • Other Tertiary Structures Join And Assemble Together
      • Different Bonds Hold Different Structural Levels Togerther
        • Primary Structure
          • Pep tide Bonds
        • Secondary Structure
          • Hydrogen Bond. Alpha Helix Or Beta Pleated Sheets
        • Tertiary Structure
          • Ionic Interactions. Di-sulfide Bonds. Hydrophobic And Hydrophilic Interactions. Hydrogen Bonds.
        • Quaternary Structure
          • All Bonds
      • A Proteins Primary Structure Determines Its 3D Structure
      • A Proteins 3D Structure Allows It To Carry Out Its Function
      • Proteins Can Be Fibrous Or Globular
      • Functions
        • Enzymes
        • Antibodies
        • Transport Proteins
        • Structural Proteins
    • Carbohydrates
      • Carbohydrate-s Are Made From Monosaccha-rides
        • Alpha Glucose (H To - OH Bottom)
        • Beta Glucose (Opposite Of Alpha Glucose)
      • Disaccharid-es Are Two Monosacch-arides Joined Together
        • Condensation To Join
        • Hydrolysis To Separate A Disacchari-des
      • Polysaccha-rides Are Chains Of More Than Two Monosaccha-rides
      • Two Polysacch-arides
        • Starch
          • Amylose
            • Unbranched. Coiled Structure.
          • Amylopectin
            • Branched Chain Of Alpha Glucose. Enzymes
        • Glycogen
          • Alpha Glucose. Side Branches. Insoluble.
    • Lipids
      • Triglycerides
        • 1 Glycerol And 3 Fatty Acids
      • Triglycerides Are Formed By Condensat-ion Reactions
      • Lipids Can Be Saturated Or Unsaturated
  • A Sequence Of Amino Acids In A Polypeptide Chain
  • Proteins Have Four Structural Levels
    • Secondary Structure
      • Hydrogen Bonds Form. Causes A Coiling Into Alpha Helix Or A Beta Pleated Sheet
    • Primary Structure
      • Tertiary Structure
        • Coiled More. Final 3D Structure
      • Quaternary Structure
        • Other Tertiary Structures Join And Assemble Together
    • Secondary Structure
      • Hydrogen Bond. Alpha Helix Or Beta Pleated Sheets
    • Quaternary Structure
      • All Bonds
    • Functions
      • Enzymes
      • Antibodies
      • Transport Proteins
      • Structural Proteins
    • Lipids Can Be Saturated Or Unsaturated

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