bananas case study

View mindmap
  • Bananas
    • where are they grown
      • Costa Rica
      • Ecuador produces >1/3
      • Columbia
      • Philippines
    • agrochemical use
      • fertilisers
      • fungicides
      • insecticides
      • herbicides
      • the banana industry has the 2nd most agrochemical input into the environment
    • envi- impact
      • they cause deforestation (land is needed to grow them)
      • for every 1 tonne of bananas produced, 2 tonnes of waste is produced
      • soil fertility is damaged due to contamination
      • pollutants running into water can damage ecosystems
    • largest producers, importers and exporters
      • Consumers: India (27.5m), China (13m) and Brazil (6.7m)
      • Importers: USA (3.8m) Germany (1.6m)
      • Exporters: Ecuador (5.8m) Philippines (2m)
    • what role do TNCs play
      • they own or contract plantations to other producers with their own sea transport and ripening plants
      • they enjoy economies of scale
    • lomé  convention
      • an agreement made with 71 African, Caribbean and Pacific countries. all being banana producers with the EU
      • This caused disputes as these countries were given free tariffs
      • The convention ended up having to extend the countries to more banana suppliers
      • The aim of the original convention was to support the small family-run farms
      • The WTO ruled against it and ordered the EU to cease the discrimination
      • Compromise was reached between the EU and 11 latin american countries where tariffs would be gradually decreased
    • Fairtrade
      • Faritrade introduced sustainable bananas
      • Fairtrade saw the growing market for ethical consumers willing to pay extra for a certified product
      • Fairtrade made it fair for banana workers as they get a fair price for what they do and premium priced bananas have money going towards their local community


No comments have yet been made

Similar Geography resources:

See all Geography resources »See all Case studies resources »