Attlee- 1945-1951: Strengths, Weaknesses & Crisis

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  • Attlee- 1945-1951
    • Strengths
      • Founding of the Welfare State
        • NHS/ National Assistance/ National Insurance
      • US Loan Agreement
      • Nationalisation- 20%
      • September 1948- 750,000 New homes built
      • Avoided mass unemployment after WW2
      • Butler- Cut income and purchase tax- popular
      • Devaluation of £- high exports
      • Women in employment
      • School leaving age raised to 15- April 1947
      • Post- war consensus helped politics
    • Weaknesses
      • WW2 End- bankrupt Britain
      • End of Lend-Lease in 1945
      • Fuel Crisis- 1946/7
      • 'Festival of Britain' 1951- ridiculed by press/Conservatives
      • Internal Government discontenet
      • Relaxation of Controls
        • Response to dissatisfied public
      • Foreign Commitments
        • Troops still in the occupation/division of Germany
        • Aid to Greece/ Turkey
      • People taking advantage of NHS
      • Population increasingly restive
        • Nearly a decade of rationing and shortages.
    • CRISIS
      • Devaluation of the £- convertibility halted in 1949
      • Fuell Crisis- 1947- Coldest winter in living memory.
        • Shiver with Shinwell
        • March 1947- Flooding
      • November 1947- Chancellor Hugh Dalton resigned
      • Rationing continued- petrol + potatoes
      • Conservatives ahead in opinion polls- first time since 1945
      • Balance of Payments Crisis
        • 1949- Imports> Exports
      • No longer possible to buy and sell £ in July- STERLING CRISIS
        • Exchangeable £/$
          • Need to accept convertibility as part of the US agreement
            • Short-term plan to pay for the new Britain
  • Convertibility stopped in August 1947
    • Need to accept convertibility as part of the US agreement
      • Short-term plan to pay for the new Britain

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