ARGUMENT FOR THE INCOHERENCE OF THE CONCEPT OF GOD

  • Created by: imyimss
  • Created on: 06-01-19 13:09
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  • however he can't perform acts that are self contrary or logically impossible
    • 'God is omnipotent'
      • THE PARADOX OF THE STONE
        • can God create a stone so large and heavy that he cannot move it?
          • either he can make it or he can't, either way this disproves omnipotence
        • this argument indicates that concept of omnipotence is incoherent
          • whole concept of God is undermined
        • ARGUMENTS FOR THE INCOHERENCE OF THE CONCEPT OF GOD
          • THE EUTHYPHRO DILEMMA
            • Is goodness separate form the gods? or is goodness defined by the gods?
            • two horns of the Euthyphro dilemma
              • first 'horn'
                • every action that God commands us to do is good (good is defined by God)
                  • he is the source and standard of all moral good
                    • whatever he commands is automatically good
                      • cruel things would be deemed as good even though it goes against out moral intuition
                  • whatever he commands is automatically good
                    • cruel things would be deemed as good even though it goes against out moral intuition
              • second 'horn'
                • every action that God commands us to do is good because it accords with some other moral authority
                  • he conforms to some external moral authority
                    • morality doesn't need God if it lies beyond him, we could bypass God
                      • this undermines his status
                        • God's supreme goodness is referring to standards that God conforms to
                          • questions his omnipotence and benevolence
                  • goodness exist independently of God
          • COMPATIBILITY OF GODS OMNISCIENCE AND FREE HUMAN BEINGS
            • Can we choose freely if God already knows what we're going to do?
            • doesn't sit well with the notion that we are accountable for out actions
              • if we deny freedom then it would be that God is accountable for any sin
          • PROBLEM OF EVIL
            • how can an omnipotent, omniscient and supremely good God allow for pain and suffering?
            • he knows about it, has the power to do something about it and cares about it
              • if he really had this attributes he would do something about the suffering in the world
    • can an omnipotent being use its powers to do something that will limit these powers?
  • Plato
    • THE EUTHYPHRO DILEMMA
      • Is goodness separate form the gods? or is goodness defined by the gods?
      • two horns of the Euthyphro dilemma
        • first 'horn'
          • every action that God commands us to do is good (good is defined by God)
            • he is the source and standard of all moral good
          • second 'horn'
            • every action that God commands us to do is good because it accords with some other moral authority
              • he conforms to some external moral authority
                • morality doesn't need God if it lies beyond him, we could bypass God
                  • this undermines his status
                    • God's supreme goodness is referring to standards that God conforms to
                      • questions his omnipotence and benevolence
              • goodness exist independently of God
    • everything is predetermined
      • if he's omniscient then he must know the future, wha choices we're going to make
        • either God isn't all knowing or we don't have free will
      • can't have free actions if God knows beforehand
    • challenged religious aspects
    • he knows about it, has the power to do something about it and cares about it
      • if he really had this attributes he would do something about the suffering in the world

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