US process for passing bills - flow chart

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  • Amendment Process
    • Bill proposed
      • THE HOUSE (435 Representatives)
        • Bill is introduced to the House
          • Bill is referred to House committee or subcommittee
            • Committee marks up the bill with changes
              • Voted on by full committee
                • Committee reports and Bill is put on House calendar
                  • House reading and debate, Amendments are added
                    • House Full Vote
                      • If another committee has a similar bill, a joint committee resolves differences. If other chamber has no similar bill then bills must pass a vote in the other chamber before going to the President
                        • Senate Full Vote
                        • presidential veto
                          • pocket veto
                          • becomes law
                • fail to pass
              • could be 'tabled'
            • given to certain committees if they don't want it to pass - pigeonholing
          • can be thrown out
      • THE SENATE (100 Senators)
        • Bill is introduced to the Senate
          • Bill is referred to Senate committee or subcommittee
            • Committee marks up the bill with changes
              • Voted on by full committee
                • Committee reports and Bill is put on Senate calendar
                  • Senate reading and debate, Amendments are added
                    • Senate Full Vote
                    • filibustering
                      • 'talking a bill to death', extended debate used to prevent a vote on a bill in the Senate, e.g Ted Cruz and Green Eggs and Ham
                • fail to pass
              • could be 'tabled'
            • given to certain committees if they don't want it to pass - pigeonholing
          • can be thrown out
      • could be proposed by: the President, the people, state legislature, or representative
  • pork barrelling, when they'll sign a bill on the condition of something they want being added to it, e.g a bridge in their constituency

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