Alkanes

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  • Created by: Becki
  • Created on: 10-02-13 16:04
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  • Alkanes
    • End with -ane
    • Boiling Points
      • Increase
        • With chain length
        • More points of contact, so more van der Waals'
      • Decrease
        • With branching
        • Fewer points of contact, so fewer van der Waals'
        • Molecules cannot get close together, so less intermolecularforces
    • Names
      • 1 carbon = methane
        • Main component of natural gas, for domestic heating and cooking
          • CH4 + 2O2 --> CO2 + 2H2O
      • 2 carbons = ethane
      • 3 carbons = propane
      • 4 carbons = butane
    • General Formula CnH2n+2
    • Tetrahedral Shape, bond angle of 109.5

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