Chemistry AS DF CI 13.2

HideShow resource information
  • Created by: A.B.
  • Created on: 30-11-13 14:35
View mindmap
  • Alcohols and Ethers CI 13.2
    • Alcohols
      • Having a hydroxyl (-OH) group and have names ending in -ol.
      • Naming Alcohols
        • Count the number of carbons in the longest chain
          • Replace the e at the end of the parent alkane with ol, but retain the e for idol or triol
            • Locate the position of the OH group with as low a number as possible.
      • Combustion
        • Alcohols react completely with oxygen to give carbon dioxide and water.
      • Oxygenates
        • Alcohols and Ethers are called oxygenates
        • Ethers
          • Have an alkoxy group (-OR)
          • Prefix is the shorter carbon chain
        • Oxygenates require less oxygen for complete combustion than the corresponding alkane, since the molecules already have oxygen in them.
        • Burn more efficiently than alkanes, producing less CO. They are commonly added to petrol to reduce pollution.
    • Oxygenates
      • Alcohols and Ethers are called oxygenates
      • Ethers
        • Have an alkoxy group (-OR)
        • Prefix is the shorter carbon chain
      • Oxygenates require less oxygen for complete combustion than the corresponding alkane, since the molecules already have oxygen in them.
      • Burn more efficiently than alkanes, producing less CO. They are commonly added to petrol to reduce pollution.

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar Chinese resources:

See all Chinese resources »See all Alcohols and Ethers resources »