After a guilty verdict- imprisonment

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  • After a Guilty Verdict- Imprisonment
    • Planned behaviours once free
      • Background- Positive intention to going straight
        • Attitude to going straight
        • Subjective norm crime is not normal
        • Perceived behavioural control (self efficay)
        • Employment means less chance to commit crime and gives future
      • Study- Gillis
        • Aim- study offender employment and links to re-offending
          • Study theory of planned behaviour
        • Method- 302 newly released offenders, 5 states in USA volunteered
          • Questionnaire completed on release, 6 weeks and 6 months after
            • Explored employment history and attitude to employment
        • Results- Positive attitude to work more likely to get a job
          • If perceive they have a good chance of getting a job more likely to get a job
            • High levels of social support, need of job, more likely to get a job
        • Conclusion- If prisoners can see a future, less likely to re-offend
          • Need to train offenders how to get a job
    • Depression/ Suicide
      • Background- CSI deaths and suicide
        • Consciously self inflicted injuries leading to death
          • Person had no intent to die, a cry for help as injury inflicted on themselves
        • Suicide clear proof of intent to die
          • Boys 15-17 are 18x's more likely
        • Guilt, loneliness, bullying, lack of control, overcrowding psych illnesses
      • Study-Dooley
        • Aim- investigate unnatural deaths in English and Welsh prisons (1972-1987)
        • Method- Content analysis of prison department personal papers
          • Analysed social, psychiatric and forensic history of prisoners
            • Compared suicide verdict to those without suicide verdict
        • Results- 442 unnatural deaths over 15 year
          • 300 suicide
          • 52 CSI
          • 90 Variety of situations (accidental, lack of care)
          • CSI in day or evening, prescribed major tranquilizers or psychotic episodes
          • Suicides at night convicted of violent or sexual offences
        • Conclusion- Suicide linked with ability to cope with guilt
          • Level of mental health problems
    • Prison situations and roles
      • Background- Social identity theory
        • Group members find negative aspects of out group enhancing image
          • Behaviour dependent on social group belong to
            • behaviour seen as norm
        • Loss of Individualization, personalisation
      • Study-Zimbardo
        • Aim- effects on behaviour of being assigned role of prisoner or guarf


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