A critical appraisal of Freud's work

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  • A critical appraisal of Freud's work
    • Primal Horde
      • Based on Darwin's mere speculations
      • Not accepted that people were grouped exclusively in hordes. There is a much greater variety than this.
      • Not all society's worshiped a totem. No evidence for the ambivalent attitude towards totem.
      • The idea that guilt is handed down has been discredited
    • Oedipus Complex
      • Malinowski attacked, pointed to Trobriand race where the role of the father is more that of a weak nurse.
      • Malinowski also looked at the animal world and he found nothing inherent in that nature of animals that could cause such a complex.
      • The Complex is caused by the strict rules of religion- rather than being the cause of them.
    • Evidence selection
      • Theories relied on importance of father figure- developed by mind male god Judaism/ Christianity. Failed account religions based on female deities
      • He ignores societies which he is unfamiliar with.
    • Unjustifiably negative view of religion
      • Donald Winnicott, religion is an essential buffer between mind and external reality.
      • Religion useful helps human adapt to environment, provides comfort and familiarity.
      • Far to critical or religion, attacking religion. religion can also be healthy.
        • Religion useful helps human adapt to environment, provides comfort and familiarity.
        • Donald Winnicott, religion is an essential buffer between mind and external reality.

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