19th century medicine

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  • 19th Century Medicine
    • James Simpson
      • Discovered chloroform
    • Humphry Davey
      • People were opposed to anesthetics because they thought a word without pain was un-natural
      • He was a young chemist who did experiments with gases and chemicals to find an anesthetic
      • He tested the chemicals on himself
      • He discovered Nitrus Oxide, laughing gas
        • Published an article about it
    • John Snow
      • Made a chloroform inhaler to make it safer which Queen Victoria used for the birth of her 8th child
      • He discovered the cause of cholera in 48 hours
    • Joseph Lister
      • Carbolic  acid
        • An antiseptic
      • Sprayed carbolic acid on surgeons hands, the wounds and the instrument used in surgery
      • Publicized Pasteur's Germ theory
      • His methods were found to be difficult and unpleasant to use
    • Koch
      • Was given funding to research germs
      • He discovered the germs that caused chicken cholera and sheed anthrax as well as human diseases as tuberculosis
    • Florence  Nightgale
      • Was a British nurse who worked in the Crimean war
      • Wrote a book called 'Notes on Nursing'
      • Convinced doctors they needed to clean the wards and change the dressings and beddings regularly
      • She opened a school of nursing
    • Chadwick
      • Employed by the government to look into living condition after widespread deaths due to cholera
      • He suggested the local council should do somethingabout the health and living condition of the poor and build better sewers
      • Laissezfaire
        • The idea that it was not  people's responsibility to are for others also one of the reasons the government didn't do anything about the living conditionsthe poor
    • Louis Pasteur
      • Proved that germs cased illness
      • Germ Theory
      • People did not believe him
    • Joseph Bazalgette
      • Built first sewer in London
      • Was given £3 million by the government to build sewer
    • Anaesthetic
      • Pain kiler
    • Antiseptic
      • Germ killer
    • Elizabeth Garrett
      • First Female doctor in England
    • Crawford Long
      • Discovered Ether
    • SpontaneousGeneration
      • The theory that microbes just appeared after someone got sick
      • Francesco Redi
        • An  Italian scientist proved this was wrong
    • Semmelweiss
      • Was a Hungarian Maternity doctor
      • He made doctors wash their hands because he knew unclean hand killed patients but he didn't know why (germs)
      • 50% of women died during child birth
      • He came before genre theory
    • Cholera
      • It was caused by dirty water
      • It spread rapidly in industrial and  over populated towns like London and Manchester
      • People thought it was caused by miasma
      • 1832
    • Miasma
      • Bad Smells
    • The Great stink
      • In 1858  it was so hot the Rver Thames dried up so the sewage at the bottom really stank
      • It was  right outside parliament so it really affected the government
        • This is why they gave money for the sewers to be made
    • Cattle Plague of 1866
      • This disease spread rapidly across Britain the only way to stop it was by isolating & slaughtering cows that had caught the disease
      • It caused food shortages so the government employed a scientist to find the cause and prevent it (Professer Beale)
      • Professor Beale'sresearch suggested Pasteur's right & a microbe/germcausedthe cattle plague
    • Typhoid Fever
      • This disease killed Queen Victoria's husband, Price Albert

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