Loftus and Palmer findings

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  • Created by: saarlovee
  • Created on: 16-05-16 07:02
Which group estimated a higher speed in experiment 1?
The participants who were given the word 'smashed'
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What speed did the participants who were given the word 'smashed' in experiment 1 estimate?
40.8 mph
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Which group estimated the lowest speed in experiment 1?
The participants who were given the word 'contacted'
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What speed did the participants who were given the word 'contacted' in experiment 1 estimate?
31.8
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Which participants estimated higher speeds in experiment 2?
The participants who were given the word 'smashed'
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How many participants in group 1 in experiment 2 said that there was broken glass?
16
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How many participants in group 2 in experiment 2 said that there was broken glass?
7
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How many participants in group 3 in experiment 2 said that there was broken glass?
6
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Does the form of a question affect a witness's answer to that question?
Yes
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What explanations did Loftus and Palmer give for what happened?
Response bias factors and Altered memory
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What is response bias factors?
The critical word influences or biases a person's response
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What is 'the memory representation is altered'?
The critical word changes a person's memory.
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What does a verbal label do?
It changes the way the memory is represented in the brain, therefore making the memory more similar to the suggestion given by the verbal label
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What speed did the participants who were given the word 'smashed' in experiment 1 estimate?

Back

40.8 mph

Card 3

Front

Which group estimated the lowest speed in experiment 1?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What speed did the participants who were given the word 'contacted' in experiment 1 estimate?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Which participants estimated higher speeds in experiment 2?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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