Attachment

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Affectionless psychopathy
A term used by Bowlby to describe people who don't show concern or affection for other people and show no or very little remorse or guilt
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Asocial stage
Stage from 0 to 6 weeks where infant may respond to faces or voices but an attachment has not been formed
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Attachment
Two-way enduring emotional tie to another person
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Contact comfort
The physical and emotional comfort that an infant receives from being close to its mother
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Continuity Hypothesis
The idea that early relationships with caregivers predict later relationships in adulthood
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Critical period
A time period where an attachment has to form or it never will
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Disinhibited attachment
Child shows equal affection to strangers as they do people they know well
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Evolutionary explanation
Explanation for behaviour such as attachment that views it as increasing survival chances
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Imprinting
Where offspring follow the first large-moving object they see
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Indiscriminate attachment
Infants aged 6 weeks to 6 months can discriminate between familiar and unfamiliar people but does not show stranger anxiety
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Innate behaviour
A behaviour that is instinctive and does not need to be learned
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Insecure avoidant attachment
Attachment classification in Strange Situation where child shows low stranger and separation anxiety and little response to reunion
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Insecure resistant attachment
Attachment classification in Strange Situation where child shoes high stranger and separation anxiety and resists comfort at reunion
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Institutionalisation
The effects of growing up in an institution, such as a children's home or orphanage
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Interactional synchrony
Infant and caregiver reflect each other's actions and emotions in a coordinated manner
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Internal working model
Mental representation of our relationship with our primary caregiver that becomes a template for future relationships
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Learning theory
Explanations that emphasise the role of learning in acquiring behaviours such as attachment
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Maternal deprivation hypothesis
Separation from the mother figure in early childhood has serious consequences
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Monotropy
A unique and close attachment to one person - the primary attachment figure
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Multiple attachments
Infants from 10 months onward form emotional bonds with more than one carer
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Privation
Failure to form an attachment in early childhood
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Proximity seeking
The way that infants try to maintain physical contact or be close to their attachment figure
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Reciprocity
Infant and caregiver match each other's responses
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Secure attachment
Most desirable attachment classification in Strange Situation where child shows separation anxiety, stranger anxiety and joy on reunion
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Sensitive period
The best time period over which attachments can form
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Separation anxiety
Degree of distress shown by the child when separated from the caregiver
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Social releasers
Innate behaviours shown by an infant that lead to a caregiving response
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Specific attachment
Infants aged between 7 to 9 months tend to show a strong attachment to one particular person and are wary of strangers
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Strange Situation
A controlled observation used to test children’s attachment patterns
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Stranger anxiety
Degree of distress shown by an infant when with unfamiliar people
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Temperament
The characteristics and aspects of personality an infant is born with and that might impact on its attachment type
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Stage from 0 to 6 weeks where infant may respond to faces or voices but an attachment has not been formed

Back

Asocial stage

Card 3

Front

Two-way enduring emotional tie to another person

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

The physical and emotional comfort that an infant receives from being close to its mother

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

The idea that early relationships with caregivers predict later relationships in adulthood

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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