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BPS ­ British
Psychological Stratified
Systematic Independen
t Variable
Opportunity (IV)
Sampling Hypothesi Dependent
Variable = a
Target s­a Variable (DV)
Population Methods factor that
testable can change
statement Variables
Experiment Researc The experimental
al Designs
h condition, this is
where you manipulate
the IV and measure
Standardised the DV.
t Measures Matched Methods Procedures The control condition,
this is where there is
Pairs no manipulated IV but
you still measure the
Repeated DV.
Measures Random Counterbalancin
Instruction Allocation g
s Randomisatio
Graph = n Ethical
Data Bar
Considerations -
Briefing Debriefing concerns about what is
morally right.
Mean Anomalous Standardised
Median Result ­ an Procedures ·Respect
Mode extremely high or ·Competence
low result that does
Range ·Responsibility
not match the
Percentage others
·Integrity…read more

Slide 3

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When a Q Buss & Plomin
asks you to
You describe Temperament Kagan &
the AIM,
METHOD, Personality Studies Snidman
the thoughts/feelings
and behaviours that TEMPERAME Thomas,
N of a suitable
study makes an individual Chess,
NT Birch
unique Genetic
Component of our Antisocial Personality Disorder is a condition characterised by
persistent disregard for, and violation of, the rights of others that
Personality begins in childhood or early adolescence and continues into
For this diagnosis to be given, the individual must be at least 18
PERSONALI Development of but they will be showing this behaviour from 15.
Three or more of the following are required:
Personality APD
·Failure to conform to social norms with respect to lawful
behaviours as indicated by repeatedly performing acts that are
grounds for arrest
·Deceitfulness, as indicated by repeatedly lying, use of aliases,
or conning others for personal profit or pleasure
Extroversion /
Eysen Introversion/Neuroticis
Anti Social ·Impulsivity or failure to plan ahead
·Irritability and aggressiveness, as indicated by repeated
ck Eysenck m Personality physical fights or assaults
·Careless disregard for safety of self or others
·Consistent irresponsibility, as indicated by repeated failure to
EPQ Eysencks Type Theory
9 Key
Disorder sustain consistent work behaviour or honour financial
to Learn ·Lack of remorse, as indicated by being indifferent to or
Eysenck rationalizing having hurt, mistreated, or stolen from another
of APD
Biological/Geneti Causes
c Causes
Practical Implications : How does this relate to
real life? Raine et al
What can we learn from it?
Elander et Farrington
Evaluation : Criticisms of the AMYgdala ­ part al
of your brain that
controls emotions
Strengths?…read more

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When a Q Williams & Best
asks you to
You describe
the AIM,
N of a suitable Discriminatio Rubin Et al
n Stereotyping
Stereotyping ­
Stereotyping, How can it be a
good thing? Barrett &
Prejudice &
Discrimination Prejudice and
Discrimination Prejudice Adorno
Sherif Aronso Elliott
n 10 Key
to Learn
Evaluation : Criticisms of the Practical Implications : How does this relate to Tajfel Levine
Study? real life?
Weaknesses? What can we learn from it?
Strengths?…read more

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Structural processing: thinking about the
physical appearance of words to be learnt.
We receive information through
Phonetic processing: thinking about the sound semantic level - attach some our senses.
of words to be learnt. Atkinson & sort of meaning to it
Long Term
The information is then
encoded (visually, acoustically
Semantic processing: thinking about the Shiffrin or semantically).
meaning of words to be learnt. The information is then stored,
Peterson Short Term so that we can access it at a
later date.
Craik & Lockhart Murdock & Sensory We can then retrieve it. If for
Peterson Memory some reason we can't retrieve
Levels of MultiStor it, then we can't remember the
Processin e Model Memory
g of Putting
Underwoo Information Information
d& Godden & Memory in is called
Postman Baddeley
Forgettin Memory ENCODING
Information is
changed into a
language or
g We keep
information in until
CODE that the
brain will
we need it in STORAGE
Retroactiv Miller Other STORAGE understand
We store loads of
Retroactive Amnesia Explanatio
information ­
bringing information
interference occurs RETRIVAL back out of storage
when new information
interferes with the Retrograde &
ns Eyewitne when we need is
ability to recall old Anterograde ss
information. Amnesia Bartlett Wynn & Logie Our short-term memory can
Proactive Memory is an active process. Testimon hold 5­9 items and this
We use existing knowledge known as schemas to understand
Proactive interference is the
opposite. This occurs when old new information. y information can last in our
information interferes with your
STM for up to 30 seconds.
ability to take in new information. We change our memories to fit in with what we already know A way to improve STM is to
ALTHOUGH we believe we are remembering exactly what
Bruce & Geiselma use chunking (grouping
happened. THIS IS CALLED RECONSTRUCTIVE MEMORY. Loftus together information). If
Young n
The`war of the ghosts'. information is rehearsed, it can
then go into our long-term
There are several ways to improve memory based on the various explanations of how our
memory works. Information can be lost from
Chunking can increase the capacity of short-term memory. STM through decay (it fades
Rehearsing information increases retention in STM. away) if we don't rehearse it.
Increasing the depth of processing, e.g. making it more semantic. New Information pushes old
If we elaborate on new information, we can retain it better.
ones out.…read more



Great for visual learners! A complete set of mind maps for all of the Unit 1 topics for AQA (GCSE) Psychology. 

Tom the destroyer

I like the title

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