Yr 10 Unit 1

  • Created by: Yazz
  • Created on: 15-10-18 19:46
What were the traditional ideologies of Communism?
Economy ruled by state, dissidents would be imprisoned, Public/Government ownership of factories and shops, no freedom of speech/travel/religion, media controlled by government, gap between rich and poor is smaller.
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What were the traditional ideologies of Capitalism?
High living standards, civil rights controlled by laws, little or no censorship of newspapers/TVs/films, private ownership of shops, many parties stand in elections,freedom of speech/travel/religion.
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Franklin D. Roosevelt?
Beliefs of democracy, desires Soveit support, skeptical of Churchill
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Winston Churchill?
Beliefs in tradition, suspicious of Stalin
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Joseph Stalin?
Beliefs in one-party rule and is skeptical of capitalist UK and USA
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What were the key differences between the nations?
Power and Equality
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What was the Grand Alliance?
Mastermind to defeat Germany. However, USA and UK remain suspicious of Communist expansion.
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Yalta Conference (Date)
February 1945
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Potsdam Conference (Date)
July 1945
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Tehran Conference (Year)
1943
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In which occupation zone was Berlin?
Soviet Zone
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What did Stalin want to happen to Eastern Europe?
To become a buffer zone and to be communist
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Who won the 1945 British elections?
Clement Attlee
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Who replace Roosevelt?
Harry Truman
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What promise did Stalin break between the two conferences of 1945?
Giving Poland free democratic elections
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What is a Satellite State?
A satellite state is a country that is formally independent in the world, but under heavy political, economic and military influence or control from another country
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What is a Bulwark?
A defensive wall
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What did Truman say in his Doctrine?
Declared political war on communism, Greece and Turkey are susceptible to communists and so USA are making it their responsibility to defend them.
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What was the Policy Of Containment?
Using US influence to prevent the expansion of communism into non-communist countries
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How did Truman describe the world in his speech?
''Divided into 2 camps''
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Why was the Truman Doctrine so important?
It marked a turning point in US foreign relations
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Marshall Plan (Date)
June 1947
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Why was the Marshall Plan introduced?
Truman believed communism generally thrived in poor areas where there high unemployment & poverty.  The plan also boosted the US economy by providing them with markets to sell their products to.
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Cominform (Year)
1947
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Comecon 'Council for Mutual Economic Assistance' (Year)
1949
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What was NATO?
It was a defensive alliance meaning if one member was attacked all other members would defend it. However, its main purpose was to prevent Soviet expansion.
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What was the Warsaw Pact?
It was a military alliance for mutual defence which the USSR signed along with Poland, Czechoslovakia, Hungary, Bulgaria, Romania, East Germany and Albania.
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Why was the Warsaw Pact formed?
It was formed when West Germany joined NATO in 1955 as the Soviet Union was concerned about the re-emergence of a strong Germany.
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Stalin's Death (Year)
1953
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Why was the Death of Stalin improving US and USSR relations?
There was an improvement in relations because Khrushchev was in power. Khrushchev criticised Stalin and spoke of peaceful coexistence.
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Why was the Warsaw Pact a development in the Cold War?
It meant that Europe was now divided into two rival alliances.It increased the Soviet Union‟s power over its satellite states as it placed Soviet troops in those countries.
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What was the Arms Race?
Until 1949 the Americans had the advantage. In 1949 the USSR exploded its first atomic bomb.In 1952 the USA developed the hydrogen bomb. In 1953 USSR had their own H Bomb.
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Why was the Arms Race a development of the Cold War?
It increased the climate of fear and created the possibility of a nuclear war.
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Why was the Berlin Blockade was important in the development of the Cold War?
It increased tensions between US and USSR. Truman was determined to stand up to the Soviet Union and was serious about containment.
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Why was the Marshall Plan was important in the development of the Cold War?
Stalin believed the USA wanted to dominate Europe, promote capitalism & boost the US economy. Stalin called the Marshall Plan 'dollar imperialism'.
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Why was the Truman Doctrine was important in the development of the Cold war?
It showed that America was willing to use force to stop the spread of communism.  It increased tension as Truman publicly stated that the world was divided between two ways of life: Free and un-free.
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Why was the expansion of the Soviet Union was important?
The Soviet takeover of E.Europe was seen by the West as just the beginning of Soviet expansion and the spread of communism.It led to the development of an „Iron Curtain‟
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Why was the Potsdam Conference important?
It revealed differences over Germany & Europe: Stalin wanted to keep Germany weak, the west wanted to make Germany strong. USA developed A Bomb.
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Why was the Yalta Conference was important?
Stalin wanted to secure the Soviet Union from a further invasion.Western powers also feared the Soviet Union wanted a Soviet controlled government in Poland.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What were the traditional ideologies of Capitalism?

Back

High living standards, civil rights controlled by laws, little or no censorship of newspapers/TVs/films, private ownership of shops, many parties stand in elections,freedom of speech/travel/religion.

Card 3

Front

Franklin D. Roosevelt?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Winston Churchill?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Joseph Stalin?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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