Youth

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Clarke (1976)
Skin head culture is an exaggeration of the working class masculinity. Youths- w.c. background under threat; eco. sit. -over exaggerated-form of resistance
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Cohen
eco sit. harder- decline of industry work & increased immigration- skinheads- reclaim territory
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Hebdige (1960)
Mods- affluent group- use money to create style- resistance of mc.
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Hebdige (1979)
'bricolage'- punk culture- reuse of objects as fashion
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Brake (1980)
sub. cult=gave youths collective identity & feelings of strength and power- tho eventually- conform to society's control
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Thornton (1995b)
girls- less disposable income- teenage market dominated by boys- spec. subs. Girls-doing well at school & spending money- subcultural capital.
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Thornton
Mainstream culture looked down- sub. cap.- culture-hip- feminised- Rave culture- Techno Traceys
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McRobbie (1991)
Girls more active in consumer culture- focus on romance- self-confident sexuality
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McRobbie and Garber
'bedroom culture'- girls experiment with make-up, fashion etc discuss teenage magazines
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Hebdige (1979)
British y/s- 'succession of differential responses to black immigrant presence in Britain'-Mods & West Indians
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Nayak (2003)
'white wannabes'- wc. males- black culture
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Parsons (1942)
youth-important transitional stage
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Parsons (1962)
youth-social category- capitalism- 'rite of passage'
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Eisenstadt (1956)
Youth culture- bringing young people in society- shared set of norms/values-sense of belonging
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Abrams (1959)
Youth- spending power targeted by business & media
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Gramsi
'hegemony'- social authority- ruling class- subordinate classes
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CCCS
youth faced same social conditions as adults- e.g. high unemployment-form of resistance
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McRobbie & Garber (1976)
absent from most youth research, misrepresented- close knit- diff. to study
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MIPS
'club culture'- no clear gender/class- due to media
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Redhead (1980)
'neo-tribe'
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Bennet (1999)
clubbing- multidimensional- move from room to room- engage in diff. crowds & music
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Polhemus (1994)
'supermarket of style'
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CCCS
Spectacular youth subcultures
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Merton (1938)
indiv.-experience strain of goals/values of society &what they're able to achieve=deviant response
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Cohen, Cloward & Ohlin
within a s/c- deviant means of achieving society's goals= accepted means-lack of edu. success=key factor
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Cohen (1955)
teenage boys desire status- 'respect in the eyes of one's fellows'
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Cloward and Ohlin
Success- criminal, conflict and retreatist subcultures
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Lea & Young (1993)
Relative deprivation, marginalisation and subculture
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Becker (1963)
labelling=power= self-fulfilling prophecy
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Wilkins (1967)
social deviance- deviance amplification- media
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Cohen (1972)
moral panics- mods and rockers- media exaggerates- influential commentators- pressure on authorities- sfp
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Cohen (1972)
Folk devils
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

eco sit. harder- decline of industry work & increased immigration- skinheads- reclaim territory

Back

Cohen

Card 3

Front

Mods- affluent group- use money to create style- resistance of mc.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

'bricolage'- punk culture- reuse of objects as fashion

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

sub. cult=gave youths collective identity & feelings of strength and power- tho eventually- conform to society's control

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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