York Mystery Plays

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  • Created by: Anna
  • Created on: 15-05-16 17:53
When did England convert from Catholicism to Christianity?
The 7th Century
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Who went to school in the 7th century?
Most freemen would have learnt to read and write at local parish schools, but only aristocratic women got an education.
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What were the three most important cities in Britain in the 9th-10th century
London, Bristol and York
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What did you have to be in order to work inside the city's walls?
A member of a guild.
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In what class did women have the most freedom?
In the peasant class, it was the only place where you could marry for love.
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When was the feast of Corpus Christi held?
On the Thursday after Trinity Sunday. So somewhere between May and June
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When was the first recorded performance of religious drama?
1376
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Which guild performed 'The Crucifixion'?
The Pinners
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Which guild performed 'The Last Judgment'?
The Mercers
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How long would the cycle have taken to perform as a whole?
About 20 hours
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What did the Guild of Mercers do?
They imported rich goods such as cloth and gold.
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From which year do we have the inventory for 'The Last Judgement' play?
1433
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What did 'The Entry into Jerusalem' mirror?
The entry of the King into the city.
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What does Meg Twycross say?
She talks about recreating Medieval Theatre and how the audience would not have been on the same level as the actors. The chester plays have more stage directions than the York plays
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What do the Chester plays stage directions say that we don't have in the York plays?
Noah's ark was built during the play and pictures of the animals were attached to the side of the ark.
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Who is the author of the York Mystery Plays?
There are a few different authors but the one we recognise most clearly is 'The York Realist'
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How can we identify 'The York Realist'?
Through his use of vivid and emotive imagery and alliterative verse.
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What dialect were the plays written in?
The northern dialect of yorkshire at the time.
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How was the language made clear for the audience?
Through strong repetitive sounds and allieteration.
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What is a Litany and when is it used?
It is a line of praise repeated by the Clergy. It is used in 'The Entry into Jerusalem' where the word 'hail' is repeated.
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Which gospel is Pilate's play based on?
The gospel of Nicodemus which is not included in the bible.
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What are texts called when they are not included in the Bible?
Apocryphal
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How is Eve presented in the plays?
She is presented as more evil than in the bible.
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How is Mrs Noah presented in 'The Flood'?
She is stubborn, argumentative and questioning.
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What is the interesting dichotomy between Noah and Mrs Noah?
Noah has lots of long passages whilst Mrs Noah's are short and quick.
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What text does 'The Flood' draw similarities to?
'The Miller's Tale' by Chaucer where Nicholas convinces John that a second flood is coming.
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What is the Passion?
The suffering of Christ.
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What is affective piety?
How Christ suffered as a man. People are supposed to respond emotionally to this.
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What aspects of Christ's crucifixion focus on in 'The Crucifixion'?
The physical aspects of the crucifixion and the Soldiers.
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What did the Pinners Guild do?
They made wooden pegs.
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What does 'didactic' mean?
It is in order to teach a lesson.
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What event does 'The Last Judgement' portray?
Doomsday, an event that is supposed to happen in the future.
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What language does Herod use?
He uses Latin for his harshest lines and English when he is pretending to be a friend.
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What are the seven deadly sins?
Pride, Wrath, Sloth, Envy, Lechery, Gluttony, Greed.
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What did Medieval Christian Theologists believe?
That man had turned away from God.
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What does Christ say in The Crucifixion?
He addresses the audience and speaks only twice. He says that we should not blame the soliders and that God forgives them.
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What has Nicholas Love got to do with the plays?
The bible is really minimalistic. Nicholas Love wrote two versions of the Crucifixion, both of which are extremely graphic and focus on the torture of the scene. Apparently this is what the plays are based on.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Who went to school in the 7th century?

Back

Most freemen would have learnt to read and write at local parish schools, but only aristocratic women got an education.

Card 3

Front

What were the three most important cities in Britain in the 9th-10th century

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What did you have to be in order to work inside the city's walls?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

In what class did women have the most freedom?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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