Yarns

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  • Created by: Abigail
  • Created on: 16-01-14 11:47
Yarns can or can not have a tw___
Twist
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They have to be str___ in order to be made into fabrics
Strong
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Fabrics can be made through sp___ yarns
Spinning
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The types of spinning includes sin___, pl__, cab__, core-sp___ or fan__
Singles, Ply, Cabled, core-spun or fancy
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The thi___ and tig___ depends on the yarns tw___
Thickness, tightness, twist
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The thickness and tightness of its twist determines the end we___, flex___, han___, tex___, appe___ and us__
Weight, flexibility, handle, texture, appearance and use
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Too much twist can make a yarn ha__
Hard
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Whereas not enough twist can make it a we__ yarn
Weak
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Weaving yarns have to have a hi__ twist in order to withstand ten___ on the loom
High twist, tension
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But kni___ yarns generally have a low tw___
Knitting, low twist
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Therm____ yarns can be textured when hea___ giving elas___ and warm___
Thermoplastic yarns, when heated giving elasticity and warmth
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A twist is put into yarns to make them stro___ when weaving or knitting
Stronger
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Yarns can be either spun clo___ or anti-cl___
Clockwise or anti-clockwise
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Clockwise gives a '_' twist while anti-clockwise gives a 'S' twist
'Z'
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Li__ is reflected opposite direction on both the twists
Light
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'S' twist is usually on the we__ and 'Z' on the wa__
Weft and Warp
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Continuous filaments are li___ twisted
Lightly
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Whereas sta__ fibres have to be placed next to each other and comb__ before being tw___
Staple fibres, combed before being twisted
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If a filament fibre is being blended with a staple fibre then it needs to be cu_ before being sp__
Cut before being spun
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Filaments are usually quite sm___
Smooth
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Whereas staple fibres are hai__
Hairy
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Hairy yarns can trap ai_ between fibres making it wa__
Air, warm
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Smooth fibres aren't that good for ins____ as air cannot be tr___
Insulating, trapped
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Hairy yarns also trap mois___
Moisture
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A singles yarn is a continuous single thr__
Thread
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Can be either a sta__ or con____ yarn
Staple or continuous
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Can be made from just o__ fibre of ble___ with two or more
One, blended
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For example, wo__ with acry___
Wool with acrylic
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Ply___ means twisting two or more yarns together
Plying
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This makes the yarn thi__ and str__
Thick and strong
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Twisting together the same or different yarns increases str___ and we___
Strength and weight
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Core-spun means the co__ remains in the centre at all times
Core
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Stre___ fabrics can be made from this method
Stretchy
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The elas___ is the core while non-elastic fibres spin around it
Elastic
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Such as wo__, co____, lin__, sil_, ny___
Wool, cotton, linen, silk and nylon
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Elastane fibres are always cov___ by other yarns as some we___ or kn___ methods cannot handle elastane
Covered, weaving or knitting
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Core-spun enha___ the fabric making it more comf____ to wear
Enchances, comfortable
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Fan__ yarns are produced in a way that makes the yarn tex____
Fancy yarns, textured
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Can also give colo__ effects by mixing different coloured fibres
Coloured
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Bou___ is an example of textured fancy yarns
Boucle
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Can also give ma__ or lus__ effects by mixing ma__
Matt or lustre
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Used to add val__ and increase app_____
Value and increase appearance
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Generally used in the we__
Weft
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

They have to be str___ in order to be made into fabrics

Back

Strong

Card 3

Front

Fabrics can be made through sp___ yarns

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

The types of spinning includes sin___, pl__, cab__, core-sp___ or fan__

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

The thi___ and tig___ depends on the yarns tw___

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
View more cards

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