Yalta and Potsdam Conferences

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The Yalta and Potsdam conferences were called to help the Allies decide what would happen to Europe, and in particular Germany, at the end of the Second World War.
Make sure the remember the key differences between the two conferences.
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Yalta - February 1945: Germany was not yet defeated, so, although there were tensions about Poland, the big three managed to agree to split Germany into four zones of occupation, and to allow free elections in Eastern European Countries.
Russia was invited to join the United Nations, and Russia promised to join the war against Japan when Germany was defeated.
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Potsdam - July 1945: Germany had been defeated, Roosevelt had died and Churchill had lost the 1945 election - so there were open disagreements.
Truman came away angry about the size of reparations and the fact that a communist government was being set up in Poland. Truman did not tell Stalin that he had the atomic bomb.
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Yalta: A government of 'national unity' to be set up in Poland, comprising both communists and non-communists. Russia would help against Japan when Germany was defeated.
Yalta: Germany to be split into four zones. Germany will pay reparations. Free elections in the countries of eastern Europe. This part of the agreement was called the Declaration of Liberated Europe.
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Potsdam: Arguments about the details of the boundaries between the zones. Disagreements about the amount of reparations Russia wanted to take.Truman was angry because Stalin had arrested the non-communist leaders of Poland.
Potsdam: America and Britain were alarmed because communists were coming to power in the countries of Eastern Europe. Truman dropped the atomic bomb so that Japan would surrender before Russian troops could go into Japan.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Russia was invited to join the United Nations, and Russia promised to join the war against Japan when Germany was defeated.

Back

Yalta - February 1945: Germany was not yet defeated, so, although there were tensions about Poland, the big three managed to agree to split Germany into four zones of occupation, and to allow free elections in Eastern European Countries.

Card 3

Front

Truman came away angry about the size of reparations and the fact that a communist government was being set up in Poland. Truman did not tell Stalin that he had the atomic bomb.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Yalta: Germany to be split into four zones. Germany will pay reparations. Free elections in the countries of eastern Europe. This part of the agreement was called the Declaration of Liberated Europe.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Potsdam: America and Britain were alarmed because communists were coming to power in the countries of Eastern Europe. Truman dropped the atomic bomb so that Japan would surrender before Russian troops could go into Japan.

Back

Preview of the back of card 5

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