Wyatt Rebellion

HideShow resource information
How was the Strength of the Tudor dynasty shown?
people of the time recognised Mary as the legitimate heir not Lady Jane Grey
1 of 77
What were Mary's 3 main priorities?
1. restore Catholicism 2. marriage and children to secure the succession 3. war with France
2 of 77
Why did Mary want to marry as quickly as possible?
she was 37 when she inherited the throne in 1553
3 of 77
Who were the two main marriage candidates?
Edward Courtney and Prince Philip of Spain
4 of 77
Was Edward courtney a good and bad candidate?
good= great grandson of Edward VI Bad= weak personality and lacked social graces
5 of 77
Why was Prince Philip a better candidate?
a good catholic with a father Mary trusted
6 of 77
When was the marriage proposal presented?
10th October 1553- agreed by the end of the month
7 of 77
Why was the marriage treaty created and what did it do?
concern the match would lack popular support and put strict limitations of Phillips role and influence in England
8 of 77
How did the public react to the marriage?
immediate outcry to the marriage proposal and rumors circulated of a plot to marry elizabeth to courtentay to form a protestant succession
9 of 77
Why did the rebels not want Mary to marry a Foreigner?
feared the government would be taken over by a foregein leading to English interests becoming subservient to the interests of Spain
10 of 77
What do Historians debate?
whether the rebellion wanted to remove Mary and instate Elizabeth as queen or if it was due to the grievances towards the marriage itself
11 of 77
What economic issue also contributed to the causes of the Wyatt rebellion?
concern of increased taxes for foregin adventures such as French wars
12 of 77
What was their evidence of and how did people react when Spainish negotiators arrived?
widespread xenophobia and sorrowfully
13 of 77
Why was their instability in Kent?
a shake up in office-holding
14 of 77
How did the younger gentry feel?
that Phillips presence at court might affect their career opportunities
15 of 77
What is there strong evidence for why most rebels got involved?
because they did not want to see a Catholic restoration and the return of papal authority
16 of 77
Where did alot of Wyatt's support come from?
from the area around Maidstone in kent which was a stronghold for protestantism and of religious radicals
17 of 77
What were many nobles unhappy about?
Mary quickly placed Catholics in positions of responsibility such as the privy council
18 of 77
Why did the government commission a book?
thought that if regilous grivances were the main causes of trouble it would divert attention away from opposition to the marriage
19 of 77
What else did the book help the government to do?
potray protestant rebels as traitors and punish them accordingly (difficult to trust this evidence considering who it was written by)
20 of 77
Why was there economic hardship In Kent?
decilne in the cloth industry over a long period of time which tended to make people less tolerant of change and more likely to air their grivances
21 of 77
What is also clear?
a good number of Mary's subjects were significantly disgruntled with her polices after the first few months of her reign to contemplate open rebellion
22 of 77
What happened in Autumn 1554?
some gentry at court began to discuss how they might organise a protestant succession
23 of 77
What did they plan to do?
Edward Courtenay would marry princess Elizabeth who would become Queen
24 of 77
How did they plan to do this?
4 four coordinated uprisings on 18th March 1554
25 of 77
Who would take the lead and where?
Wyatt= Kent Sir James Croftes= Herefordshire Courtenay= Devon Duke of Suffolk= Leicestershire
26 of 77
How was the French ambassador involved?
by promising naval support in the channel and helping securing ports in the South West
27 of 77
What provoked earlier action than the Rebels had planned?
on 14th Jan 1554 the terms of the marriage treaty were annoced
28 of 77
Who found out about the plot and what did this lead to?
Simon Renard (father of Phillip) - Courtnaey being weak and confessing all he knew and 3 of the 4 locations did not raise supporters
29 of 77
Why do historians belive their was little popular support for the rising ?
alothough oppositin to the spainsh marriage was widespread,it was not sufficently strong to provoke popular rebellion - protestant leaders were too caitous to get involed
30 of 77
Who was sir Thomas Wyatt?
a large landowner from a prominent shire family from kent
31 of 77
When had Wyatt come to prominence?
1549 with a plan to create a regular militia with groups of trained men in each county under a paid professtional
32 of 77
Why was Kent a good source of support?
close to London, advanced in protestism and more suspicious of catholic foreigners than most areas of the county
33 of 77
In mid-January how many men did Wyatt raise?
2500-3000 armed men
34 of 77
How did he whip up anti Spanish feelings?
by playing on fears of being dragged into a war on Spain's behalf and the potential of Spainards arriving in Kent at anytime
35 of 77
What did it seem one of his concerns was?
that he would not manage further advancement under Mary, although he claimed he wanted to rescue the Queen from 'foolish advice'
36 of 77
What did it appear he was open to doing if Mary would not abandon her marriage plans?
replacing Mary with Elizabeth
37 of 77
What meant that Mary's control was seriously threatened?
their closeness to london and because the crowns own forces were weak
38 of 77
Why did slow government response give Wyatt opportunities?
as Arundel and Shrewsbury (both opponents of the marriage) failed to move against him
39 of 77
What was done by the 29th January?
the troops of the Duke of Norfolk, sent to stop Wyatts men, had been persuaded to join wyatt forcing the Duke to return to court
40 of 77
What did Wyatt also managed to acquire?
ships and cannons
41 of 77
Although Wyatt had a number of men what was he lacking?
aristocratic support
42 of 77
What gave the city time to organize its defenses?
Wyatt delayed his advance to london which hindered him
43 of 77
How did this delay hinder him?
he could not cross the river Thames near to the Tower as it had been damaged to stop him
44 of 77
Where was Wyatt by the 3rd of February?
reached the Thames at Southwark
45 of 77
Where was Wyatt by the 12th of feb?
he had led his troops about 20km west to kingston
46 of 77
Where was he eventually stopped?
at Ludgate, half a kilometer from the tower
47 of 77
How did the rebels reach Ludgate?
the town was heavliy fortified and to reach it the rebels had to move up narrow streets
48 of 77
how did this affect the position of the rebels?
it left the men open to beinging trapped by armed londers loyal to Mary
49 of 77
What were Wyatt and his supporters forced to do?
surrender and ask for mercy
50 of 77
Although Wyatt came closer to any other tudor rebellions to removing the monarch what id one reason it failed?
Marys reponse to the rebellion
51 of 77
Who did Mary not appeal to and how did this help?
Charles V, perhaps the presence of foregien troops would have played into wyatts hands
52 of 77
How did Mary's presence in london help?
she ordered fortification of the city, rather than leaving the capital vulnerable to attacks from other directions
53 of 77
How did Mary gain support?
appealled to Londoners on 1st feb playing on fears of an invasion of armed men comming into the city who would bring destruction and chaos
54 of 77
Who did Mary receive support from?
The more neteral Councillors like Pembroke and Bedford
55 of 77
What was another reason the rebellion failed?
Wyatts own failings
56 of 77
How did Mary benefit from Wyatts decision to take cooling castle?
it meant he lost a whole day, arriving too late to take the Thames at southwark, where London bridge was reinforced and held out against rebels
57 of 77
What were the other two things Wyatt failed to do?
1. invole more than one noble (duke of suffolk) 2. orthodox protestant leadership refused to give support (failed to get them onside)
58 of 77
How many and who was executed?
90-100 rebels inculding Wyatt and Lady Jane Grey and her Husband who were inncocent
59 of 77
What happened to the bulk of captured rebels?
(around 600) were freed as paget urged leniency
60 of 77
What happened to Elizabeth?
she was spared as she was not nvoled in plans but was arrested on the 9th of feb and held under house arrest for the following year after a brief stay in prison
61 of 77
How did people respond to Wyatts death?
he became a martyr as people dipped their handkerchief in his blood
62 of 77
What was Mary encouraged to do by her advisers?
reasonably lenient to show her true christian nature and raise her status in the eyes of the people
63 of 77
How did the rebellion affect Prince Phillip?
made him more reluctant to marry his cousin and delayed his departure for England as long as possible
64 of 77
when he arrived on the 20th of July what was his welcome like?
not particularly friendly espically as his cheif english supporter (paget) had fallen from favour
65 of 77
What did phillip do after the wedding on 25th July 1554?
remained at court to do his duty as king and husband depite being regaurded with suspicion by many of Mary's councillors
66 of 77
even though Wyatts rebels were stopped half a kilometer from the tower why does this not nesscarliy mean they wanted to overthrow her?
a rebel with a grievance needed to bring it to the attention of the monarch so would have attempted to reach london where the monarch was
67 of 77
Why should we be skepictal of Wyatts defence?
he did not want to change the monarch, when faced with the prospect of execution for treason most rebels would lie
68 of 77
What is it likely that many of the cheif conspires wanted compared to the lesser people involed?
to topple Mary but lesser people would have just wanted to protest about her marriage
69 of 77
What were they to discover about their uprising?
they had very little chance of success againsit a monarch whos right to rule was regonised and sustained by aristocratic support
70 of 77
Why was the danger to the throne enhanced?
because it was a quarrel within the ranks of the political community, rather than a threat to the whole social order when the elite tend to close ranks againsit it
71 of 77
What can it be seen as?
a violet attempt by a section of the politcal nation to interfre with the formulation of foregin policy
72 of 77
Did the rebellion have any chance of success?
possibly but there were a few weaknesses
73 of 77
Why had starting the rebllion in January instead of march been a weakness?
worst month in terms of weather and roads that they had planned to use became unusable due to rain
74 of 77
How did their route affect their success?
route into london was difficult wit narrow roads and imposing gateways surronding the city
75 of 77
What was a major weakness of the plot?
the fact that it required the 4 uprisings to succed if the authories were going to be spilt in where to spend troops
76 of 77
why were people reluctant to support the plot?
country did not want disorder a disputed sucession would bring- things would have been bad for those with politcal power to risk their land and titles to overthrow a legitimate monarch
77 of 77

Other cards in this set

Card 2


What were Mary's 3 main priorities?


1. restore Catholicism 2. marriage and children to secure the succession 3. war with France

Card 3


Why did Mary want to marry as quickly as possible?


Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4


Who were the two main marriage candidates?


Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5


Was Edward courtney a good and bad candidate?


Preview of the front of card 5
View more cards


No comments have yet been made

Similar History resources:

See all History resources »See all British monarchy - Tudors and Stuarts resources »