WWII Statistics

HideShow resource information
Number of unemployed in September 1943
780,000
1 of 57
What were the average weekly earnings in 1944 (in comparison with mid-1930s)?
$46 from $20
2 of 57
What percentage of a man's income did women earn?
Only 65%
3 of 57
Consumer purchasing power rose by what percent during the war?
50%
4 of 57
What was rationed?
Rubber, sugar, diesel, coffee and meat
5 of 57
What flourished during the war?
Culture
6 of 57
What happened in 1945?
Baby and housing boom
7 of 57
Where did people migrate to during the war?
To the west/California
8 of 57
How much money was saved during the war by Americans?
$150 billion
9 of 57
What did David Potter describe the American people as by 1954?
"A people of plenty"
10 of 57
When did the economic boom start?
Early 1947
11 of 57
What was the 1950's unemployment figure?
Never went below 6.8%
12 of 57
The USA had __% of the world's population but produced __% of the world's (industrial) goods
6% of population and 50% of world's goods
13 of 57
What happened to the GNP after the war?
It doubled
14 of 57
What percentage of Americans considered themselves to be middle class in 1954?
60%
15 of 57
What happened to map-distribution of wealth after the war?
It disappeared - there was a middle class (60% of people)
16 of 57
Which group did not benefit from the economic boom in particular?
African Americans
17 of 57
What is the date of the Cold War?
1945 - 1990
18 of 57
When/Why was rearmament introduced?
1938 by Roosevelt as he realised that war was imminent and tension was building up with Germany and Italy
19 of 57
In 1941, how much did the USA spend on the military as it had in 1939?
4x as much
20 of 57
Why did the USA join the war?
Threat from Hitler and Mussolini then from Japan when they bombed Pearl Harbor in December 1941
21 of 57
How many Americans paid tax in 1939 and in 1945?
4m in 1939 to 43m in 1945
22 of 57
Why were more people paying tax during the war?
The 1942 Revenue Act
23 of 57
What was CORE?
Congress of Racial Equality - where 10% of the workforce had to be African American
24 of 57
What act gave Roosevelt more power?
The War Powers Act
25 of 57
Why were bars and nightclubs closed at night?
To improve efficiency and industrial output and conserve petrol
26 of 57
Why were more people expected to pay taxes?
So the government could spend more money on the army
27 of 57
How much did the amount generated by personal income tax increase by?
20%
28 of 57
How was the main cost of the war funded?
By borrowing
29 of 57
What was the national debt in June 1946?
129% of the GNP
30 of 57
How did ordinary people lend the government money?
Through War Bonds
31 of 57
Why did farmers do well in the war?
They could export their produce abroad - e.g. to GB/Lend-Lease
32 of 57
Did lots of small companies benefit from the war?
No - 70% of manufactured goods were produced by 100 companies - a few massive companies got all of the contracts
33 of 57
Was the government happy to let businesses make profits during the war?
Yes - as long as they were meeting the war effort they didn't care
34 of 57
Did African Americans do well in the war?
Yes
35 of 57
How many men were in the army?
12 million
36 of 57
What percentage of the workforce was made up by women before and during the war?
25% before the war to 35% during the war
37 of 57
What did the west of American become known as during the war?
New America
38 of 57
By 1942, what was the USA's military output?
Equal to that of Germany, Italy and Japan combined
39 of 57
Name 3 new industries that appeared during the war
Nuclear power, electronics and computers
40 of 57
How much of the GNP was being spent on war production by 1945?
50%
41 of 57
What was the alliance that was formed between the military and the defence industry?
The Military-Industrial Complex
42 of 57
What did the War Production Board do?
Controlled the prices on consumer goods
43 of 57
What did the RFC do?
Oversaw the drive to increase production
44 of 57
How many war planes were made?
300,000
45 of 57
How many warships were made?
85,000
46 of 57
How many cargo ships were made?
5000
47 of 57
How many tanks were made?
86,000
48 of 57
How many tonnes of ammunition were made?
50 million
49 of 57
How much was being spend on military contracts each day?
$250 million
50 of 57
How many women were in the workforce?
6 million
51 of 57
How much did raw steel production increase between 1940-5?
20%
52 of 57
How much did fuel oil production increase between 1940-5?
40%
53 of 57
How much did wheat flour production increase between 1940-5?
27%
54 of 57
How much did rice production increase between 1940-5?
500 million pounds
55 of 57
How much did corn production increase between 1940-5?
477 million bushels
56 of 57
What is the term used to describe the increase in people reading/going to the cinema etc. during the war?
Escapism
57 of 57

Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What were the average weekly earnings in 1944 (in comparison with mid-1930s)?

Back

$46 from $20

Card 3

Front

What percentage of a man's income did women earn?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Consumer purchasing power rose by what percent during the war?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What was rationed?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
View more cards

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar History resources:

See all History resources »See all America - 19th and 20th century resources »