WW1 - The Role of Women

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What were the suffragettes fighting for?
Votes for Women
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What was the percentage increase of employment for women?
22.5% from 5.9m in 1914, to 7.3m in 1918
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How many women worked as nurses by the end of the war?
23,000 compared to 700 at the start, and 38,000 VADs by 1918 ( but even by July 1914, 5,300 women had volunteered to work in hospitals)
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What was the First Aid Nursing Yeomanry?
FANY were founded in 1907 as a mounted nursing corps. Mainly upper class, mainly did car, truck and ambulance driving. 116 by 1918
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What was the Women's Auxiliary Army Corps?
Formed Jan 1917, undertook administrative army work eg working as clerks, cooks, telephonists etc. By 1918, 57,000 had served
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What was the Women's Royal Navy Service?
Formed in Nov 1917 to 'free a man for sea service - undertook 'soft' administrative duties. 6,000 by 1918
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What was the Women's Royal Air Force?
Formed April 1918 to 'train women to take over the work of home based mechanics and so to free them for service in combat areas'. Over 2,000 women trained for 43 new trades incl. armourers, radio operators, flight and instrument mechanics
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How much did the women working in the railways increase by during the war?
From 12,423 in 1914 to 65,000 in 1918, from things such as booking clerks and telephone and telegraph operators to ticket collecting and signal operating
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When did the London General Omnibus Company start to take female employees?
February 1916, and only 100 had joined by March
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What percentage of women worked in munitions factories?
60% - 900,000 women earning £2 per week
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How many women were still doing 'women's work'?
5/6ths
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How much less than men were women earning?
60% of mens pay
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What trade union is an example of one that did not admit women members?
Lancashire Cotton Spinners
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How much did the number of female trade unionists increase by?
From 437,000 in 1914 to 1,342,000 in 19120
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How much did the number of domestic servants decrease by?
400,000
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How many women had replaced a male worker?
1 in 3
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What was the Representation of the People Act?
1918 - women of property and over 30, and all men over 21 get the vote, increasing the electorate from 8 to 21 million
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How many women stood for election in 1918?
17
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Who was the first female MP?
Lady Astor in 1919 - a Conservative
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What was the Equal Franchise Act?
1928 - women could vote on an equal term to men
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What was the Sex Disqualification Act?
1919 - ended the ban on female doctors, civil servants, solicitors and magistrates
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After the war, how many women were forced out of employment?
2/3
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What percentage of women worked in 1921 compared to 1911?
32% 1911,31% 1921
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When was the first birth control clinic opened?
1921, by Marie Stopes
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What social changes did women experience?
Greater frredom,able to smoke, go out without chaperones, drink in pubs, short hair, short skirts, lipstick (flappers)
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What was the percentage increase of employment for women?

Back

22.5% from 5.9m in 1914, to 7.3m in 1918

Card 3

Front

How many women worked as nurses by the end of the war?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What was the First Aid Nursing Yeomanry?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What was the Women's Auxiliary Army Corps?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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