WW1 - Recruitment and Conscription

HideShow resource information
When was Kitchener made Secretary of State for War?
5th August 1914
1 of 23
When did Kitchener managed to recruit his 'First 100,000'?
By the 25th of August
2 of 23
What were Pals Battalions?
'Those who joined together served together' - 4 raised by Hull, 3 by Glasgow, White Star Shipping line has its own platoon, football teams, orchestras, offices all joined up together
3 of 23
How many Pals battalions were there?
Over 300 - 250,000 men
4 of 23
Why did men join up?
Posters/propaganda, lure of travel, unemployed, pressure from peers/employers, Women of England's Active Service League agreed never to be seen in public with a man who'd refused to fight
5 of 23
How many men volunteered in the early months?
2.5 million
6 of 23
What was the National Registration Act and when was it passed?
15th July 1915, discover how many men aged between 15 and 60 hadn't been recruited - 3.4 million eligible men hadn't enlisted
7 of 23
What was the Derby Scheme and when did it begin?
11th October 1915, request that all men aged 18-41, attest their willingness to fight by wearing a grey armband with a red crown, state that they'll serve if called upon to do so, 38% single and 54% married men fail to come forward
8 of 23
When was the Military Service Act passed and what did it introduce?
January 1918, conscription for unmarried men, increased to full conscription May 2nd - married men too
9 of 23
What percentage of British infanty were under 19 by the end of the war?
10 of 23
In some industrial areas, what percentage of men were considered unfit?
11 of 23
Who established the No Conscription Fellowship and when?
Clifford Allen and Fenner Brockway in 1914, campaigned against conscription
12 of 23
How many branches did the NCF have by November 1915?
61 Branches
13 of 23
What did the NCF do?
Document experiences of conscientious objectors, maintain contact with them in barracks/prison etc, set up a press dept, publish the Tribunal, brief MPs
14 of 23
What happened to COs?
Were sent to tribunals (established under the Derby Scheme)
15 of 23
What happened if a tribunal refused a COs claim?
They would be sent to France to fight, court martialled and sentenced to death - this happened in 34 cases. Under Army Order X they had to be sent back to civilian authorities
16 of 23
What was the Pelham Committee?
Set up June 1916, offered work (eg road building in the UK) to those who had been court martialled and imprisoned
17 of 23
How many COs worked under the Pelham Committee?
4,000 accepted work directly, 3,750 took work after imprisonment
18 of 23
How many COs were there?
19 of 23
What was the Non Combatant Corps (called the No Courage Corps)?
Set up in March 1916, part of the army but don't take part in battle, instead do physical labour
20 of 23
How many COs served in the Non Combatant Corps?
21 of 23
How many did ambulance work?
3,000, 1,200 under the Friend's Ambulance Unit
22 of 23
How many absolutionists were imprisoned?
23 of 23

Other cards in this set

Card 2


When did Kitchener managed to recruit his 'First 100,000'?


By the 25th of August

Card 3


What were Pals Battalions?


Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4


How many Pals battalions were there?


Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5


Why did men join up?


Preview of the front of card 5
View more cards


No comments have yet been made

Similar History resources:

See all History resources »See all Modern Britain - 19th century onwards resources »