WW1 - Recruitment and Conscription

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When was Kitchener made Secretary of State for War?
5th August 1914
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When did Kitchener managed to recruit his 'First 100,000'?
By the 25th of August
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What were Pals Battalions?
'Those who joined together served together' - 4 raised by Hull, 3 by Glasgow, White Star Shipping line has its own platoon, football teams, orchestras, offices all joined up together
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How many Pals battalions were there?
Over 300 - 250,000 men
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Why did men join up?
Posters/propaganda, lure of travel, unemployed, pressure from peers/employers, Women of England's Active Service League agreed never to be seen in public with a man who'd refused to fight
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How many men volunteered in the early months?
2.5 million
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What was the National Registration Act and when was it passed?
15th July 1915, discover how many men aged between 15 and 60 hadn't been recruited - 3.4 million eligible men hadn't enlisted
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What was the Derby Scheme and when did it begin?
11th October 1915, request that all men aged 18-41, attest their willingness to fight by wearing a grey armband with a red crown, state that they'll serve if called upon to do so, 38% single and 54% married men fail to come forward
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When was the Military Service Act passed and what did it introduce?
January 1918, conscription for unmarried men, increased to full conscription May 2nd - married men too
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What percentage of British infanty were under 19 by the end of the war?
50%
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In some industrial areas, what percentage of men were considered unfit?
70%
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Who established the No Conscription Fellowship and when?
Clifford Allen and Fenner Brockway in 1914, campaigned against conscription
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How many branches did the NCF have by November 1915?
61 Branches
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What did the NCF do?
Document experiences of conscientious objectors, maintain contact with them in barracks/prison etc, set up a press dept, publish the Tribunal, brief MPs
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What happened to COs?
Were sent to tribunals (established under the Derby Scheme)
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What happened if a tribunal refused a COs claim?
They would be sent to France to fight, court martialled and sentenced to death - this happened in 34 cases. Under Army Order X they had to be sent back to civilian authorities
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What was the Pelham Committee?
Set up June 1916, offered work (eg road building in the UK) to those who had been court martialled and imprisoned
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How many COs worked under the Pelham Committee?
4,000 accepted work directly, 3,750 took work after imprisonment
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How many COs were there?
16,500
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What was the Non Combatant Corps (called the No Courage Corps)?
Set up in March 1916, part of the army but don't take part in battle, instead do physical labour
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How many COs served in the Non Combatant Corps?
3,300
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How many did ambulance work?
3,000, 1,200 under the Friend's Ambulance Unit
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How many absolutionists were imprisoned?
1,500
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

When did Kitchener managed to recruit his 'First 100,000'?

Back

By the 25th of August

Card 3

Front

What were Pals Battalions?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

How many Pals battalions were there?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Why did men join up?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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