WW1 - Propaganda

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When was the secret propaganda department set up and who led it?
1914, led by Sir Charles Masterman - chaotic
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What was DORA?
The Defence of the Realm Act 1914 - established strict censorship
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When was the Department of Information set up and what sub divisions did it contain?
1917, Wellington House (provides material for home consumption), Cinema division, Political Intelligence Division, News Division
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Who was the Dept. of Information led by?
C.H. Montgomery and then Colonel John Buchan
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What was it aided by?
An Advisory Committee containing Lord Northcliffe, Robert Donald and C.P. Scott
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When was the Ministery of Information set up and who led it?
1918, Lord Beaverbrook
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What happned to the Globe newspaper after they claimed Kitchener had resigned 1915?
They were shut down
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Were the press supportive of the war?
Very, they promoted self censorship to maintain British morale
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Who did Kitchener appoint after pressure to increase the flow of war news?
Colonel Swinton - many complaints, very edited
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What happned after complaints about Swinton were made?
6 war correspondents were sent to the front including Colonel Repington who reported the shell shortage scandal
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What did the 'John Bull' call the Germans?
'The Hun'
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What did the Daily Mail urge for?
A boycott of restaurants employing Germans
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Of the 9000 spy cases reported by September 1914, how many arrests were made?
0
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How many Germans were arrested as war was declared?
22 immediately, followed by 14 soon afterwards
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What was the 'Angel of Mons'?
The story of the angel of the Lord supporting the British at the Battle of Mons
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Why did the royal family change their name?
Because it was German! From Saxe-Coburg-Gotha to Windsor
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What percentage of films during the war were about the war?
10%
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How popular and accurate was 'The Battle of the Somme, 1916'?
Very popular - 2,000 bookings within the first 2 months of release, made £30,000 profit. Shots that 'could' have been made during the battle but weren't
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How many war films had been made by 1918?
700
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What were the German attrocities that aided the propaganda?
Brutal invasion of Belgium (20-30,000 buildings burnt to the ground, ****, human shields), the sinming of the Lusitania 1915 (had been carrying weapons), the shelling of Scarsborough 1914, the execution of the nurse Edith Cavell
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What stories were made up?
The German Corpse Conversion Factory, admitted as a lie by the House of Commons in 1925
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What was DORA?

Back

The Defence of the Realm Act 1914 - established strict censorship

Card 3

Front

When was the Department of Information set up and what sub divisions did it contain?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Who was the Dept. of Information led by?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What was it aided by?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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