WW1 1914-18

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  • Created by: Jaderose
  • Created on: 08-05-14 10:46
when did the liberal government lead up to?
until may 1915
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why did the liberals begin to fall out?
when libs joined with conservative and the maurice debate
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what was the maurice debate?
a letter to the times by general maurice claiming the government had lied about there position in early 1918 split the libs
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why did LG replace asquith as pm?
people questioned his leadership, Lg appauled for drive and energy demanded an inner war cabinet but asquith refused
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what was different about the second war coalition?
conservatives had more power had more cabinet posts end of liberal gov
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why did labour nearly split in 1914?
over the war half were against it the other half were for it
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how was sinn fein different from the irish nat party?
they wanted complete independence and complete seperation including ulster from britain
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what was the easter uprising?
sinn fein fought the british over independence but britain supressed them and many irish switched to the sinn fein party
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what was the coupon election of 1918?
people had to choose between the asquith liberals or the peacetime coalition with liberals and conservatives lead by Lloyd George
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what was the representation of the people act of 1918
all men over 21 could vote and women who were over 30 married to a householder
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what were the results from the coupon election?
libs 133 seats asquith 28 labour 63 gains cons 333 votes
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how many people voluteered in 1914 to 1916
near 2 million
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what was a main reason for so many poeple joining?
posters and propaganda playing on pride, patriotism and fear of embaressement
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when was the first military service act passed and what did it state?
january 1916 all single men 18-41
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when was it extended what did it state?
febuary 1918 to all married men then again to men who were 50
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what would happen to men who didnt sign up?
imprisioned, shot caused major change between state and individual
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who was minister of munitions
Lloyd George
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what did the factories have to produce more of in 1918?
shells and machine guns
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what did the government have to control to make sure we had enough
coal (major fuel supply) and food
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why did we have to produce so many war materials
We had to supply them to our allies
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what does DORA stand for
defence of relm act
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what was DORA
The government had a extension of state power during the war paased in 1914 extended throughout the war allowed the government to take over the coal mines, railways and shipping.
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what did ministry of munitions do?
overseas thr purchase, production, and supply of war materials purchased new war materials encouraged factories to turn from peacetime to wartime production built own factories controlled prices wages and profits rationed food altered gb summertime
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how many factories did the state manage/supervise and how many people did it employ?
managed-250 state factories supervised 20,000 controlled 4million workers
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why was there a food shortage?
shortage of labour on land and german U-boats sinking ships bringing in food
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how was the food shortage resolved
a department of food production to increase the amount of homegrown food subsidised farmers to plough up waste land allocated scarce fertilisers subsidised farmers to plough wasteland and encouraged women to volunteer for farm work
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what was governments spending in 1913 compared to 1918?
1913- £200million 1918 £2,600 million
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how much had debt increased by and how was it resolved?
1,200% increased taxation on middle classes and manual workers borrowed money from its own people and neutral countries
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who did we increasingly rely on and how did they help?
USA we brought a massive amounts of supplies from USA they leant us loans $5,000million
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how many men served in the war?
6 million
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whys the war sometimes named the 'total war'
everything human and non human were mobalised for the war effort
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what was the impact of WW1 for the working class
brought full employment created jobs for wives, daughters and older children as well as the breadwinner
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what was the result on poverty and why
poverty reduced due to controls on rent and prices of essential commodities and limited amount of rationing
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what was the result on the middle and upper class
reduction in living standards income tax rose profits limited
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what was the result on the landed classes
high death rates from junior officers many landed estates had to be sold 25% between 1917-21
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what did many working class women do during the war?
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what did many upper class women do during the war?
nursing or administration
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what was the social divide like in the armed forces
officers and men clear cut social levelling between working class than working and middle although there was a general bond suffering and loss that was across all
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what was the effect on war on adult men?
physical and emotional trauma, 750,000 killed 2 million wounded many restrictions on social drinking, strikes suspended petrol and food in restaurants rationed were replaced or worked along side women
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why was education disrupted
young teachers volunteered or were conscripted and children went to help with the labour shortage
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how many children lost their fathers during WW1
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explain religion in the war
many chaplains carried out services supportive sermons and burials many lost their faith rose in the war but fell after
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who refused to fight in the war
quakers and pacifists many improsined some volunteered to do dangerous jobs on the front line like stretcher carriers and ambulance drivers
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how many women entered the workforce in the war? how many from peacetime to wartime? how many women made up the total workforce?
1 million and 250,000 from peacetime and wartime and 1/3 of total work force
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how many percent of munitions were women
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name some of the jobs women did in the war
munition, administration, nursing, shipbuilding, secretaries, transport
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explain women on the frontline
to free men from front line duties royal naval services, auxiliary army corps and later in the war royal air force 1918 150,000 women serving clerks, drivers, wireless operators mechanics, fitters and so on
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how many women died from poisonous chemicals in munition
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positive of war work
they were paid a lot more than say textile spinning
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what act was passed in 1919 for women and what did they gain
sex disqualification act opened up civil service, local government and jury service
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how many women domestic servants were there in war
1.2 domestic servants in 1918
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what could women not do
coal mining and dock work
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what politician did women win round about votes for women
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when did all women gain the vote
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what was britain like after the war
economically weaker debt had to rebuild oversea trade fear of the rise in socialism
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Card 2


why did the liberals begin to fall out?


when libs joined with conservative and the maurice debate

Card 3


what was the maurice debate?


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Card 4


why did LG replace asquith as pm?


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Card 5


what was different about the second war coalition?


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