world development- terms and definitions

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Absolute Poverty
struggling to provide the basic human needs (if you live under $1 / day your are in absolute poverty)
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Relative Poverty
only poor compared with the majority of society ( $2-3 /day)
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subjective poverty
the feelining of living with out, in other words want something but can't afford it( luxuries)
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cycle of poverty
people who remain poor throughout lifetime and generations due to the lack of ability to gain financial funds
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GDI
Gender Related Index
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GDP
Gross domestic Product ( GNI - income form abroad)
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GNI
Gross National Income
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HDI
Human Development Index (literacy rates, DDP per capita and life expectancy)
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GNP
gross National Product ( money earned per capita in country)
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Index of vulnerability
economic venerability of countries
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poverty
lack of income oe exclusion from an aspect in society
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poverty line
measure of poverty used for setting targets ( e.g. Millennium development goals)
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status
social standing, may be included in occupation, ethnic group, religion etc.
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millennium development goal 1
Eradicate extreme poverty and hunger
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millennium development goal 2
Achieve universal primary education
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millennium development goal 3
Promote gender equality and empower women
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millennium development goal 4
Reduce child mortality
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millennium development goal 5
Improve maternal health
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millennium development goal 6
Combat HIV/AIDS, malaria and other diseases
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millennium development goal 7
Ensure environmental sustainability
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millennium development goal 8
Develop a global partnership for development
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HIPC
Highly Indebted poor countries
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global dependency
dependency on other countries for resources to ensure the population survival
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social responsibility
moral obligation to help others less fortunate and contribute to society
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infant mortality
number of babies that die under the age of 1 per year per 1000 live babies
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birth rate
number of births per 1000 per year
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death rate
high death rate suggests poor sanitation and medical care per 1000 per year
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standard of living
economic level of persons daily life
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quality of life
social measure on physical effects (infant mortality, people per doctor, literacy rate, life expectancy etc.)
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top-down development project
large scale projects developed by the government to produce tourism and money for the economic growth of the country at a large expense
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bottom up development project
small scale development projects carried out by NGO's to further the locals resources using simple technology
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

only poor compared with the majority of society ( $2-3 /day)

Back

Relative Poverty

Card 3

Front

the feelining of living with out, in other words want something but can't afford it( luxuries)

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

people who remain poor throughout lifetime and generations due to the lack of ability to gain financial funds

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Gender Related Index

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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