World Cities Key Terms

Urban
Characteristics of a town or city.
1 of 31
Rapid Urbanisation
When urbanisation cannot keep up with demands of the population.
2 of 31
Urbanisation
The growth in the proportion of a country's population that lines in urban as opposed to rural areas.
3 of 31
Millionaire City
A city with over a million inhabitants.
4 of 31
Megacity
Metropolitan area with a total population in excess of 10 million people. The population density is usually over 2,000 persons/squared km. A mega-city can be a single metropolitan area or two or more metropolitan areas that converge.
5 of 31
World City
A city that acts as a major centre for finance, trade,business, politics, culture, science, information and diffusion, publishing and mass media. Serving not just as a country but as a region for the whole world. For example London, New York or Tokyo
6 of 31
Millionaire City
A city with a population of greater than a million.
7 of 31
Megalopolis
A very large, heavily populated city or urban complex.
8 of 31
Rank Size Rule
This is used to find a correlation between the population size of settlements within a country or county.
9 of 31
Suburbanisation
The movement of people from living in the inner parts of a city to living on the outer edges (suburbs). It has been facilitated by the development of transport networks etc.
10 of 31
Suburban Sprawl
The spreading outwards of a city to its low density and auto-dependant development on rural land.
11 of 31
Counter-urbanisation
The movement of people from large city areas into smaller urban areas or into rural areas, It can mean daily commuting, but could also require lifestyle changes and the increase of ICT (home-working)
12 of 31
Re-urbanisation
The movement of people and economic activities back into the city centre or inner city as part of the process of urban regeneration.
13 of 31
Urban Deprivation
A standard of living below that of the majority in a particular society that involves hardships and a lack of access to resources.
14 of 31
Globalisation
In 1960-1981 loses of 1.6 million ,manufacturing jobs in the UK, typically located in inner city.
15 of 31
Containerisation
The closure of the London docklands after container ships could no longer fit down the River Thames to certain docks.
16 of 31
'Donut' (or Polo) City
A city whose centre has declined.
17 of 31
Spiral of Decline
Warehouses closed - firms closed -unemployment- cuts in services- out migration- dereliction.
18 of 31
Urban Re-generation
Refers to the attempts to revive run-down regions of urban areas. A common feature of urban regeneration is the clearance of slums to pave way for development projects.
19 of 31
Gentrification
The rehabilitation of a deteriorated neighbourhood by new individuals who are wealthier than the long-time residents.
20 of 31
Retailing
The sale of goods to the public.
21 of 31
Decentralisation
The spread of power away from the center to local branches or governments.
22 of 31
Waste Management
The collection, transport, processing or disposal, managing and monitoring of waste materials.
23 of 31
Reduction
Minimization of waste at its source to minimize the quantity required to be treated and disposed of, achieved usually through better product design and/or process management. Also called waste minimization.
24 of 31
Re-use
Using materials again, this saves them being disposed incorrectly.
25 of 31
Recycling
Converting waste into reusable materials.
26 of 31
Energy Recovery
Energy recovery includes any technique or method of minimizing the input of energy to an overall system by the exchange of energy from one sub-system of the overall system with another.
27 of 31
Composting
Turning waste materials (manure and vegetable matter) into compost, which can then be reused as a fertiliser etc.
28 of 31
Landfill
The disposal of waste material by burying it.
29 of 31
Sustainabilty
It's like a set of processes which aims to meet the needs of our generation while preserving the environment so that future generations can meet their needs too.
30 of 31
Edge Cities
Suburban areas with clusters of office buildings built around suburban businesses.
31 of 31

Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

When urbanisation cannot keep up with demands of the population.

Back

Rapid Urbanisation

Card 3

Front

The growth in the proportion of a country's population that lines in urban as opposed to rural areas.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

A city with over a million inhabitants.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Metropolitan area with a total population in excess of 10 million people. The population density is usually over 2,000 persons/squared km. A mega-city can be a single metropolitan area or two or more metropolitan areas that converge.

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
View more cards

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar Geography resources:

See all Geography resources »See all Rural and urban challenges and regeneration resources »