World Cities Basics

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Millionaire City
A population over 1 million.
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Mega City
A population over 10 million. Currently 450 globally
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World City
Cities that play an important role in the global economic system. World cities are not the largest cities, usually they are the older cities e.g. London, New York etc.
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What is Urbanisation?
Increasing proportion of a population living in urban areas
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What is the typical age profile of an urban area?
Youthful - young people looking for a more exciting life and employment opportunities
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What are Push factors?
Factors encouraging people to leave the rural area, e.g. boring life, fewer opportunities, less services
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What are pull factors?
Factors encouraging people to move to urban areas, e.g.. More employment opportunities, exciting life style, large number of services available
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What is Suburbanisation?
Process whereby people move out of the inner city to the suburbs.
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What are the consequences of suburbanisations?
Urban sprawl
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What firstly made suburbanisation possible?
Development of public transport meant that people had the opportunity to commute into the inner city. Gradually care ownership also enables people to commute further.
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How has the suburbs affected the inner city?
decline in industry and services as the demand decreases. Increased number of vacant buildings and businesses close. Opportunity for urban regeneration.
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Why would people choose to live in the suburbs?
usually wealthy younger people looking to start a family would move to the suburbs for better value for money and larger housing as well as a safer environment and quieter life style.
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How have the suburbs been affected by suburbanisation?
increasing price of land, pressure on green belt, congestion and traffic, demand for recreational activities/retail/employment.
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Overal consequences of suburbanisation?
increasing gap between wealth class/education/ethnic groups. Increased pollution due to congestion. Increased size of the city.
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What is counter- urbanisation?
migration of people from major urban areas to smaller urban settlements and rural areas.
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Why has counter urbanisation occurred?
more affluent people choose to escape the pollution, crime etc. Better transports and car ownership mean people can commute further. The internet has made people more connect and also increased ownership of second homes.
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Impact of rural area?
Local services shut down as new residents choose to commute and use urban services.
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What happens to the demographic of the rural area?
Out migration of young people, decline of elderly residents, in migration of young-middle age families. In migration of more affluent young people.
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What is the effect of more affluent residents moving to an area?
Increase in house prices.
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Positive impacts:
Improves in vital services e.g. internet and gas supplies/education. Support to some local businesses e.g. pubs/builders. New, better quality housing.
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Negative impacts:
House prices increase meaning young locals cannot move out of parents home. Tension between local and new residents. Village is quiet in the day as people have left for work. Increased traffic flows in and out of the city. Decline in local services.
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What is Re-urbanistion?
The movement of people back into an urban area after a period of decline.
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What is gentrification?
The in-migration of wealthier residents, developing their own homes and bring up house prices in the area, gradually improving overall quality.
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What are Property-lead regeneration scheme?
The in-migration of people in response to a large scale investment in programme designed to address the communities wider issues.
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Card 2


Mega City


A population over 10 million. Currently 450 globally

Card 3


World City


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Card 4


What is Urbanisation?


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Card 5


What is the typical age profile of an urban area?


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