World Cities

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Why do services concentrate in world cities?
Services concentrate in these world cities, propelled by the ‘informationalisation’ of the economy.
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What can world city jobs with some low career prospects lead to?
Polarisation of the workforce and increasing spatial differentiation in the distribution in types of residential areas in the cities.
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1- World city characteristics-- Politically central
power on a global scale, may be part of major group e.g. G8, should hold a seat of government.
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2- World city characteristics-- Transport and communication
Airport hub, major international airlines, centre of rail and road network, Wi-Fi and fibre optic setups, buildings for major institutions.
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3- World city characteristics-- Must attract international buisnesses
Various expatriate communities, jobs for TNC’s, may hold HQ’s of companies, companies may operate 24/7 globally.
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4- World city characteristics-- Financially central
May have own set-ups of banks & law firms, may have stock exchange, renowned for expertise and attract the best financiers, other countries and their financial institutions look at world cities for guidance.
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5- World city characteristics-- academic excellence
Major institutions such as universities and global research, international students attracted, centres for vocational trading, student population play an important role in the local economy
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6- World city characteristics-- Media and culture
May hold major film & TV festivals, usually have a world renowned museum, culture shown from all sectors of the community.
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7- World city characteristics-- Center of sporting exellence
Usually house international grade sporting facilities, Teams in major sporting events, have the ability to hold major sporting events such as the Olympics.
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CS- Most urbanized countries (with slowest growth)
Europe (3.3% per year), North America (4% per year)
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CS- Least urbanized (fastest rate of growth)
Africa (37% per year), India (31% per year)
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How much of the worlds population is predicted to be living in urban areas by the year 2050?
Two-thirds of the world's population will live in cities by 2050
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How much is the urban population of African and Asian countries predicted to increase by the year 2050?
In African and Asian countries, 90% of urban growth is predicted to take place before 2050.
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CS- Population of Tokyo
13 million
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CS- % Tokyo to total Japan GDP
18% of Japans total
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CS- Social negative impacts Tokyo urbanisation
> Rise in crime rates 2.5x increase per year since 2013
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CS- Economic negative impacts Tokyo urbanisation
> 3 million unemployed (will rise).
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CS- Environmental negative impacts Tokyo urbanisation
>Dangerously high pollution levels (SPM) >Pollutants work synergistic-ally to exacerbate health problems
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CS- Positives of urbanisation Tokyo
> Improvements in public transport with aim of reducing SPM
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Polarisation of the workforce and increasing spatial differentiation in the distribution in types of residential areas in the cities.

Back

What can world city jobs with some low career prospects lead to?

Card 3

Front

power on a global scale, may be part of major group e.g. G8, should hold a seat of government.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Airport hub, major international airlines, centre of rail and road network, Wi-Fi and fibre optic setups, buildings for major institutions.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Various expatriate communities, jobs for TNC’s, may hold HQ’s of companies, companies may operate 24/7 globally.

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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