Working Memory Essay

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  • Created by: Ella M
  • Created on: 18-01-15 12:44

1. what was the evidence for the episodic buffer?

  • unfamiliar Chinese symbols could be remembered and recalled later on
  • visually printed numbers to be remembered were less likely to be remembered if there was conflicting audio that sounded like numbers
  • found that phonetically similar words were more difficult to remember than phonetically different words due to novel episodic memories being created
  • no effect was found when audio presented words were remembered and then interfered with by audio
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2. when was evidence against the visuospatial sketchpad created?

  • 1968
  • 1988
  • 1974
  • 1982

3. what was the evidence against visuospatial sketchpad?

  • participants were asked to remember a list of visual numbers and then were exposed to distracting noise, recall was worst when noise was similar to numbers
  • should it be divided into visual and spatial?
  • phonetically similar sits of words are more difficult to remember than phonetically different as the different words create new, episodic memories
  • unfamiliar Chinese characters are remembered in the mind and can be recalled later

4. Who made the Multistore Model of Memory?

  • Hue and Ericksson
  • Atkinson and Shiffrin
  • Jones, Maken and Nicholls
  • Baddeley and Hitch

5. When was the evidence against the phonological store created?

  • 1988
  • 2000
  • 2004
  • 2001

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