Work place stressors

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who investigated the job-strain model ?
Marmot Et Al. - proposed workplace stress causes illness in two ways 1) high work demand 2)low job control (over deadlines ect)
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What did Marmot do?
7372 civil servants in London completed a questionnaire on work load job control and amount of socail support in relation to cardiovascular disease - 5 years later the PPs were re-assessed
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What did he find?
No link between high workload and stress caused illness so job demand not significant factor in stress but found those with low job control more likely to develop heart disease. Other factors such as smoking and job type didn't cause casual realtions
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Who opposed Marmots study of job strain correlating to stress?
Johansson et al studied repatitive tasks that require continuous attention and responsibility - if they slack whole production process is stalled
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What did Johanasson et al find?
High risk group found to have higher illness and higher levels of adrenaline in their urine then low risk groups (maintenance workers)
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Eval - consequences of work place stress?
Kivimaki et al. carried out a meta analysis of 14 studies including Marmot, looking at relative risk of CHD in association to work place stress - found, employees across Europe, U.S. and Japan = high levels of job strain = 50% more likely of CHD
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What are problems with studies on the work place?
Impact of work place stressors - Lazarus suggests work stress factors misses individual differences (people cope with stress in different ways) Evolution and work stress = new job technology and opportunities means studies become out of date quickly
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What did Marmot do?

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7372 civil servants in London completed a questionnaire on work load job control and amount of socail support in relation to cardiovascular disease - 5 years later the PPs were re-assessed

Card 3

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What did he find?

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Card 4

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Who opposed Marmots study of job strain correlating to stress?

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Card 5

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What did Johanasson et al find?

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