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2. Complex sentence

  • a simple sentence with an added clause that somehow adds extra information linked by a subordinating conjunction.
  • every sentence must contain a subject (a noun or pronoun), a verb (something for the subject to do) and, perhaps, an object (something for the subject to do something to), e.g. I love English Language
  • two simple sentences (of equal semantic weighting) joined by a co-ordinating conjunction (or a semi-colon where the co-ordinating conjunction would have been).
  • a sentence that is incomplete by missing a subject or a verb, yet it still is capped with a full stop

3. Grammar.

  • Speaking out loud.
  • When a word can be an 'Umbrella term' form for more words.
  • The construct of written language.
  • Spelling of words.

4. Syntactic dislocation

  • the tone of voice, or the relationship between author and reader and how it is created.
  • the way words form sentences (the ordering of them to create meaning).
  • can be ‘right’ or ‘left’. When a clause utilises a pronoun it makes sense, but dislocation can occur for further clarification and other effects by adding seemingly unnecessary nouns at either side of the clause.
  • the mixture of long and short syntactic structures for effect.

5. Pronoun (possessive/genitive)

  • mine, yours, his, hers, theirs
  • a personal pronoun that is used as the object of a prepositional or verb action
  • when a personal pronoun utilises the suffix ‘self’ or ‘selves’.
  • an overt reference to something that occurred earlier in a text, often by using pronouns to build upon previous sentences


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