Women's Suffrage

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What were two arguments FOR women getting the vote?
Women paid taxes just like men and there are many single women and widows who bear the same responsibilities as men.
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What were two arguments AGAINST women getting the vote?
Women are pure and should be protected from the grubby world of politics and granting the vote to women would mean having to grant it to all men too.
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Which women's union was set up in 1897?
The National Union of Women's Suffrage Societies (NUWSS) - the Suffragists
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Who was its leader?
Millicent Fawcett
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Give three ways in which they campaigned.
They argued cases with MPs, issued leaflets and presented petitions.
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What organisation was set up in 1903?
The Women's Social and Political Union (WSPU) - Suffragettes
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Why was it set up?
Because of the lack of success with the NUWSS (Suffragists)
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Who was its leader?
Mrs Emmeline Pankhurst
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Give 3 ways in which they campaigned.
They disrupted political meetings, harassed ministers and set fire to post offices.
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What did Millicent Fawcett think of 'militant' tactics?
None of their victories were won by physical force. She didn't want suffragettes to campaign for the cause because she thought their methods were disgusting and lost respect for women.
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When was the Conciliation Bill passed and what did it promise?
It was passed in 1911 and it promised to allow women of a responsible age or who owned property to vote.
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How did the suffragists respond to the Bill being dropped?
They led a deputation to see the PM; they decided o support the Labour Party; they organised a peaceful pilgrimage from Carlisle to London.
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How did the suffragettes respond to the Bill being dropped?
Escalated violent campaigns. In prison they continued to protest by commencing a Hunger Strike.
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What was the Cat and Mouse Act and when was it passed?
The Act was passed in 1913 and it allowed hunger strikers to leave prison and recover a little before returning to finish their sentence.
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Who died at the Derby?
Emily Davison
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Which group did she belong to?
The WSPU (Suffragettes)
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How close to getting the vote were women by 1913?
They were very close to getting the vote in 1913 because militancy had raised the profile of women's suffrage in government. Emily's death had impacted people and opened their eyes to make them see how much the vote meant to women.
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How far had the suffragettes helped or hindered the campaign for women's suffrage?
They managed to raise their profile and cause but also damaged property and lost support from the rooting MPS.
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How did women help the recruitment of men to the armed forces?
Women gave white feathers to the young men who weren't at war because it was the symbol of cowardice. Posters were published urging mothers to sign their sons up.
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How many women were working in the engineering industries by the end of the war?
800 000
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What health effects could working in munitions factories have on women?
Breathing difficulties, rashes and yellowing of the skin, digestion problems, blood poisoning and brain damage.
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How many extra women workers took part in war work?
1.6 million
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Name 3 jobs women did.
Grave digging, road laying and bus driving
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How many women worked in the Women's Land Army?
260 000
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What did the Women's Land Army do?
Women were recruited to the Women's Land Army to become farm labourers.
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What effect did women's war work have on attitudes towards them getting the vote?
People saw them as heroines who stood by men to pull the country to victory in the war. There were seen as a huge help.
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In what year did some women get the vote?
1918
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What type of women were still denied the vote?
Young, single women who did most of the war work.
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When were full voting rights given to women?
1928
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What were two arguments AGAINST women getting the vote?

Back

Women are pure and should be protected from the grubby world of politics and granting the vote to women would mean having to grant it to all men too.

Card 3

Front

Which women's union was set up in 1897?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Who was its leader?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Give three ways in which they campaigned.

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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