Women's Rights in India.

Issues in Equality: Violence
According to UNICEF, 52% of women in India think it justifiable for a man to beat his wife. UNICEF research also indicates that domestic violence is tolerated by communities, and to some extent by the state. Increases in dowry murders and rapes.
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Issues in Equality: Modern Slavery
14.3 million people, mostly women and girls, were subject to modern slavery in India in 2014. This includes trafficking for sexual exploitation, early forced marriage and forced labour.
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Issues in Equality: Property Ownership
Women have very few rights in ownership of land and property and, in practice, inheritance is invariably patriarchal.
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Issues in Equality: Employment
Women (even those with completed secondary/tertiary education) have limited access to employment opportunities and are often expected to remain at home, especially those in rural areas. This makes it hard not to conform to social norms.
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At national and state level the Indian government has passed many Acts of Parliament designed to address women’s rights. For example:
The Prohibition of Child Marriage Act, 2006. The Dowry Prohibition Act, 2008. Protection of Women from Domestic Violence Act, 2005. Sexual Harassment of Women at Workplace Act and Rules, 2013
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Issues in Equality: Workplace Discrimination.
Maternity benefits denied by many employers and many women don't return after childbirth (only 25% of working women in Delhi do) because social norms say it is their responsibility to raise the children primarily.
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Issues in Equality: Political Participation
Women have poor representation in India’s parliament with only 11% in Lok Sabha (lower house) and 10.6% in Rajya Sabha (upper house).
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Issues in Equality: Access to Education
Nationally 70% of girls attend primary school, but the figure is much lower at secondary. Strong opposition from families and communities, poverty and cultural beliefs are restrictive factors.
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Issues in Equality: Healthcare
Gender discrimination in health care is closely related to the cultural norms in Indian society in which women have little influence. According to CARE International, nearly a third of all households in Bihar do not access government health services.
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Consequences of Gender Inequality (1/4)
Women have been subject to murder and disfigurement, mostly by burning, when their family cannot meet the demands for a dowry by the husband. Marriage is used by the husband to obtain property and other assets. 2012 had 8233 dowry-related deaths.
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Consequences of Gender Inequality (2/4)
Women can be subject to honour killing by their family members for not agreeing to arranged marriage or conforming. Many women are beaten in the domestic home, are subjected to sexual violence and lead a life of servitude and harassment.
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Consequences of Gender Inequality (3/4)
Limited education and poverty especially among the rural poor has adverse effects on maternal and child nutrition and contributes to India’s high infant mortality rate (43.2 under age one per 1000 live births, 2014). Sex-selective abortion for males.
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Consequences of Gender Inequality (4/4)
Limited access to the work force further adds to dependency on their husbands. Added to this, many women have been coerced into sterilisation schemes.
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"On the ground" Approach to challenging Inequality (1/3)
2014 the Indian Ministry of Home Affairs launched an anti-trafficking portal. This involves expansion of anti-trafficking police units, specific training of police units, more accurate reporting of crime and a victim support programme.
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"On the ground" Approach to challenging Inequality (2/3)
Some large companies provide childcare facilities and organise flexi-work options. NGOs implement development projects are taking a gendered approach. For example, the International Center for Research on Women is working in Delhi Neighborhoods.
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"On the ground" Approach to challenging Inequality (3/3)
2014 Delhi police increased number of women police officers and overall police force in the outer districts of the city in response to the findings of their project to map crimes against women such as **** and molestation most prevalent in S/W Delhi.
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Card 2

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Issues in Equality: Modern Slavery

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14.3 million people, mostly women and girls, were subject to modern slavery in India in 2014. This includes trafficking for sexual exploitation, early forced marriage and forced labour.

Card 3

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Issues in Equality: Property Ownership

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Card 4

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Issues in Equality: Employment

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Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

At national and state level the Indian government has passed many Acts of Parliament designed to address women’s rights. For example:

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